Faculty Research and Publications
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- Item$14.5-billion per year and counting: Canadian gambling statistics(University of Alberta Libraries, 2021) Stevens, Rhys M. G.Ask any gambler how much money they spend on gambling in a typical year and you’ll almost certainly see a quizzical look appear on their face. Individuals are frequently reluctant to disclose such information and those that do typically find it difficult to recall the specifics of their gambling spending. Gamblers who are willing and able to answer might also need some clarification since the question could be referring to either the cumulative amount of dollars gambled or the net dollar figure gambled after accounting for wins and losses. But what if, instead of asking individual gamblers about their spending, one was attempting to determine gambling spending for the entire country of Canada including provinces and territories… are these figures even available? Are provincial and territorial gambling regulators and operators forthcoming with this information? The short answer is that, yes, it is indeed possible to determine a figure for Canada’s net commercial gambling revenue using available data. In this article, I’ll describe my rationale for documenting available Canadian gambling statistics, methods employed, and challenges encountered. A selection of charts is interspersed throughout to illustrate key gambling statistics using examples from the Canadian Gambling Statistics (1970-2020) online database which was created to house these collected statistics and make them publicly accessible.
- Item2020 LibQUAL survey report(University of Lethbridge, 2020) Scott, David R.; Duda, Bryson; Stevens, Rhys M. G.;
- Item50 shades of access: equalizing student access to media for coursework(University of Lethbridge, 2021) Graham, Rumi Y.; Taylor, AaronContribution to a roundtable on Strategies and Struggles in On-line Teaching During the Pandemic held on June 1, 2021 as part of the Film Studies Association of Canada-Association Canadienne d’Études Cinématographiques (FSAC-ACÉC) Annual Conference. Following on FSAC’s recent Statement on Copyright and Online Screenings, this contribution identifies practical, legal and philosophical challenges involving appropriate access to media required for film studies courses that affect both instructors and students alike. It also proposes two avenues for remediating access problems: pursuing reforms for unnecessarily restrictive aspects of Canada’s copyright law and developing guidelines for good practices that facilitate appropriate access to film studies content.
- ItemAcademic status for Canadian academic librarians: a brief history(Library Juice Press, 2013) Jacobs, LeonaIn 1975, the Canadian Association of University Teachers (CAUT) and the Canadian Association of College and University Libraries (CACUL) officially recognized the concept of academic status for Canadian academic librarians. This recognition was both welcomed and feared by both rank-and-file librarians as well as the library administrators. As a result, the application of academic status across Canadian universities has been inconsistent in both rights and responsibilities and has been easily confused with the faculty status accorded to academic librarians in the United States. This chapter will lay out some of the issues of the day that culminated in the recognition of academic status, will discuss the controversies around academic status for Canadian academic librarians, and will touch on some of the inconsistencies and challenges that remain to this day.
- ItemAha moments and continued confusion: an analysis of threshold concepts through student reflections in the ACRL framework(Association of College & Research Libraries, 2021) Eva, Nicole; Rocca, Marissa S.; MacKay, D. BruceWith the advent of the ACRL Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education in 2015, librarians everywhere have tried to adapt their existing information literacy sessions to incorporate the revised concepts. This article discusses how the librarian responsible for a series of four labs in a first-year course reformed the lab content around the six ACRL Frames. Student reflections from three semesters’ worth of classes were analyzed for content related to each of the six Frames, as well as for areas of enlightened understanding (evidence of crossing a threshold into higher understanding, as first outlined by Meyer and Land, 2003) and continued confusion, with applicability for all instructors trying to incorporate the Frames.
- ItemAligning open access publications with the research and teaching missions of the public university: the case of the Lethbridge Journal Incubator (If 'if's and 'and's were pots and pans)(Michigan Publishing, 2015) O'Donnell, Daniel Paul; Hobma, Heather; Cowan, Sandra A.; Ayers, Gillian; Bay, Jessica L.; Swanepoel, Marinus; Merkley, Wendy; Devine, Kelaine; Dering, Emma; Genee, IngeThe Lethbridge Journal Incubator is a joint project of the University of Lethbridge Library, School of Graduate Studies, and Faculty of Arts and Science. Its goal is to address the issue of sustainability of gold open access journals by aligning the publication process with the educational and research missions of the public University. In this way, the open access publication, which is more commonly understood as a cost center that draws resources away from a host university's core missions, is transformed into a sustainable, high-impact resourc that improves retention and recruitment. It does this by providing graduate students with ear experience with scholarly publishing (a proven contributor to in- and post-program student satisfaction and career success), highly-sought after research and technical skills, and project management experience. This article provides a background to the problem of financing gold open access publication and reports on the experience of the researchers responsible for establishing the incubator as it leaves its experimental phase and becomes a center of the University.
- Item"Always at work": Canadian academic librarian work during COVID-19(The Partnership. Provincial and Territorial Library Association of Canada, 2022) McLay Paterson, Amy; Eva, NicoleTo learn about the experiences of librarians working through COVID-19, we conducted semi-structured interviews with academic librarians from across Canada on issues such as workload, collegiality, and overall satisfaction with their working conditions during the pandemic. Themes emerged around job security, workload changes (both in terms of hours worked and the type of work being done), working from home, relationships with colleagues and administrators (including the perceived speed of the institution’s pandemic response and the state of communication from or with administration), and hopes for the future. This article focuses on the semantic elements of librarian work during COVID-19 uncovered during thematic analysis, including an in-depth discussion of how academic librarians’ workload changed; a second planned article will focus on latent themes on the caring nature of library work. This study connects isolated individual situations with the overall picture of what librarians’ work looked and felt like during the COVID-19 pandemic. For library administrators, we identify the ways in which institutional support helped or hindered librarians in doing their work.
- ItemAmplify your impact: An interview with Mark Aaron Polger, editor of Marketing Libraries Journal(American Library Association, 2018) Eva, Nicole; Shea, Erin
- ItemAmplify your impact: Marketing libraries in an era of "fake news"(American Library Association, 2018) Eva, Nicole; Shea, Erin
- ItemAn analysis of management and economics journals at the University of Lethbridge: beyond usage data(2016-01-18) Eva, NicoleThis article investigates the importance of journal titles in the area of Management and Economics at the University of Lethbridge in southern Alberta, Canada. Not wanting to rely solely on usage data, the author undertook a citation analysis to see which journals were most frequently published in by the institution’s authors. The analysis also illuminated publishers providing journals which were most frequently used. Other business libraries may be interested to replicate the analysis in their own libraries as well as to see the results from this mid-sized academic library.
- ItemAn annotated bibliography of selected articles on altmetrics(2016) Swanepoel, Marinus; Scott, David R.; Spiric, Vanja; Foresster, Deanna
- ItemAnnotated literature review: student evaluations of teaching (SET)(University of Lethbridge Faculty Association, 2018) Eva, Nicole; University of Lethbridge Faculty Association. Gender, Equity & Diversity Committee
- ItemAssociation between sociodemographic factors and mobility limitation among older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol(BioMed Central, 2023) Onyeso, Ogochukwu; Odole, Adesola C.; Scott, David R.; Akinrolie, Olayinka; Kalu, Michael E.; Awosoga, OluBackground Mobility is an independent predictor of physical functionality, healthy ageing, and quality of life. Various literatures have associated mobility limitation in older adulthood with demographic and socioeconomic factors. Hence, we propose a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesise the association between sociodemographic factors and mobility limitations in older adults. Methods and analyses This protocol was written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines. We will perform a comprehensive search of all observational studies that assessed the relationship between age, gender, race, place, education, income, occupation, social status, and walking distance, time, or speed. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, AgeLine, and SPORTDiscus) will be searched from inception to 28 February 2023. We will supplement the database search by manually searching the reference lists of all identified and relevant full-text articles. Two independent reviewers will be responsible for screening articles, data extraction, and assessment of bias. We will appraise the study quality and risk of bias using the Prediction Model Risk of Bias Assessment Tool (PROBAST). A meta-analysis will be considered if data from the selected studies are homogeneous, otherwise, a narrative synthesis of the extracted data will be presented. Discussion Mobility limitation leads to frequent falls, dependency, morbidity, and death among older adults. This review is necessary, to identify and prioritise important sociodemographic factors during older adults’ clinical assessment and policy development. It is the first phase of a multi-methods study seeking to develop a prognostic mobility trajectory for community-dwelling older adults.
- ItemBefore, during & after the pandemic: challenges in accessing & using media in academic settings(2022) Aufderheide, Patricia; Graham, Rumi Y.; Nair, Meera; Taylor, AaronAn online workshop presented by the Media Access and Copyright Working Group, Film Studies Association of Canada (FSAC) during the 2022 FSAC Annual Conference. This workshop will provide an overview of the group's work and gather feedback from attendees. Before the conference the group will release a report that outlines three focal areas for the Association to pursue: advocacy for amending the Copyright Act to better support online teaching and learning; opportunities for accessing and exhibiting content using exceptions such as fair dealing; and best practices for repurposing and creating new videographic work using exceptions such as fair dealing. The workshop goals are to hear from a wide range of stakeholders on these issues and to prepare for the next stage of proposed Association working groups.
- ItemBefore, during & after the pandemic: challenges in accessing & using media in academic settings(2022) Blankenship, Janelle; Graham, Rumi Y.; Innerd, Charlotte; Langrell, KateAn online panel presentation at the 2022 ABC Copyright Conference hosted by Western University. Teaching online using copyrighted films and other media has posed significant challenges for educational institutions for many years. Those challenges continued, if not intensified, during the COVID-19 pandemic, and will certainly persist into at least the near future. This session outlines recent initiatives undertaken collaboratively by film studies faculty, copyright practitioners, and academic librarians to find ways to alleviate or remedy obstacles to equitable use of media in educational settings.
- ItemBird's-eye views of Alberta's land boom of the 1910s(Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives, 2020) Stevens, Rhys M. G.
- ItemBuilding a distributed shared print archive of Western Canadian topographic maps(2022) Stevens, Rhys M. G.; O'Hanlon, Grace; Brendle-Moczuk, Daniel; Brigham, Doug; Chatterley, Trish; Kaufhold, Matt; Laliberté, Larry; Peller, Peter; Thornberry, EvanA working group of map librarians from across Western Canada formed in February 2021 from amongst members of the Council of Prairie and Pacific University Libraries (COPPUL). This group's task was to develop processes and procedures for the identification and preservation of print versions of topographic maps of Western Canadian provinces and northern territories published by Canadian federal government agencies. These maps, once identified and inventoried, are to be included within a distributed shared print archive. Inclusion in the archive will ensure that individual print maps remain accessible, opportunities are available for the reallocation of library space, and that maps are preserved for members in a cost-effective way. On October 28, 2021, the COPPUL SPAN Phase 6 Working Group presented an overview of the project and its progress to date at the WAML 2021 Virtual Conference.
- ItemCanada’s Risky Business : a Canadian Guide to Selected Gambling Industry Sources(Emerald, 2004) Stevens, Rhys M. G.; Beristain, MaureenThe rapid expansion of the Canadian gambling industry since 1969 has generated substantial profits for provincial governments and industry operators. As gambling expands its reach and regulatory structures evolve, a growing body of researchers is starting to scrutinize the industry and its socio-economic impacts on Canadians. This article provides background information on Canada's gambling industry and presents an overview of essential information resources.
- ItemCanadian and South African scholars' use of institutional repositories, ResearchGate, and Academia.edu(The Partnership. Provincial and Territorial Library Association of Canada, 2018) Swanepoel, Marinus; Scott, David R.Since their initial development in the early 2000s, institutional repositories (IRs) have proliferated around the globe. Due to low faculty participation, however, content recruitment has often posed a significant challenge for librarians and others promoting their use. Through the last decade, academic social networks (ASNs), such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu, have become popular among scholars as a means to communicate with each other and share their research. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixty scholars at six universities in Canada and South Africa to explore their views and practices pertaining to IRs and ASNs. Interviews were transcribed and coded to elucidate trends and themes in the data. The study found that few participants were active supporters of their local IRs. Lack of awareness, time limitations, and concerns regarding copyright remain some of the main obstacles to increased faculty participation. Conversely, more than half of the interviewees were active users of either ResearchGate or Academia.edu. These users valued ASNs both as a means of sharing their work and as tools facilitating connections with their colleagues internationally. Though IRs need not compete with these networks, proponents of open access repositories should be prepared to explain to faculty why they should consider having their research made accessible in a repository though they may already actively share their work through ResearchGate or Academia.edu. Significantly, both ASNs and IRs were more popular among South African than Canadian researchers. It is hoped that the results of the study will be helpful in informing the understanding and decisions of librarians and others working to develop and promote IRs and green open access more broadly.
- ItemThe Canadian dollar versus the collection: How Canadian university libraries are coping(The Partnership. Provincial and Territorial Library Association of Canada, 2016) Scott, David R.; Eva, NicoleThrough 2015 and into 2016, Canadian academic libraries’ collections budgets were severely strained due to the steady decline of the CAD/USD exchange rate. As most subscription fees for electronic resources (e-resources) are billed in US dollars, the falling value of the Canadian dollar significantly reduced libraries’ purchasing power. This study is based on a survey of the English-speaking member institutions of the Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN), a Canadian collections consortium, carried out to determine the impact of the poor exchange rate on collection development and how libraries are coping with new budgetary pressures. Librarians from 33 universities provided survey responses. Of these, 22 participated in telephone interviews to further discuss concerns and ideas regarding the current crisis. The study finds that all participant libraries have taken actions to address the budgetary shortfall, including cancelling serial and database subscriptions, negotiating lower costs with vendors, purchasing fewer monographs, and soliciting additional funding from their institutions. While the financial strain resulting from exchange rate fluctuations is indeed a significant problem for which solutions should be sought, several respondents stressed that it only exacerbates the ongoing inflation of e-resource subscriptions. This deeper and enduring issue, which is expected to outlast the present exchange rate crisis, is enabled by an inherently flawed scholarly publishing system. Thus, librarians engaged in discussions with their wider academic communities concerning collections budgets should not focus exclusively on the exchange rate but should leverage the opportunity to explore alternatives to the current scholarly communication model. If solutions exist, they will likely only be achieved through the support of faculty and university administrators, as well as cooperation among post-secondary institutions and library consortia.