OPUS: Open Ulethbridge Scholarship

Open ULeth Scholarship (OPUS) is the University of Lethbridge's open access research repository. It contains a collection of materials related to research and teaching produced by the academic community.

Self-archiving your research in OPUS is one way to meet Open Access policies of granting agencies. It is important to retain your final, post-peer-reviewed drafts for submission to OPUS, as this is often the only version publishers will allow to be archived. Click here for information on the U of L Open Access Policy.

Check here for more information about OPUS.

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Recent Submissions

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A longitudinal study assessing the relationship between parents’ and children’s physical activity and their adherence to 24-hour movement guidelines
(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Health Sciences, 2024) Sadia, Farzana; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Health Sciences; Larouche, Richard
Previous research highlights the health benefits of engaging in moderate- to vigorous-intensity physical activity, minimizing screen time and getting optimal sleep. Although many studies have examined associations between parents’ and children’s movement behaviours, most were based on single behaviours despite these behaviours being interdependent. Using data from the Active Transportation and Independent Mobility-2 study, we assessed the associations between parents’ adherence to the 24-hour guidelines, perceived behavioural control (PBC) to support their child’s movement behaviours, and children’s adherence to the Canadian 24-hour movement guidelines. Canadian parents of 7- to 12-year-olds (N = 2257) were surveyed at baseline (December 2020) and were followed every 6 months until June 2022 (4 waves). Movement behaviours were assessed by parent report. The final model was adjusted for age and gender of both children and parents, household income, immigration status and study wave. Our current study found that if a parent respondent met all the guidelines, their children were 1.51 times more likely to meet all three guidelines (95% CI=1.17, 1.93). Moreover, each unit increase in the PBC scale was associated with higher odds of the child meeting all three guidelines (OR=1.72; 95% CI=1.45, 2.03). Moreover, adherence decreased with each year of age (OR = 0.77, 95% CI = 0.72, 0.83) and was higher in Wave 2 (OR=1.32; 95% CI=1.04, 1.66), Wave 3 (OR=1.73; 95% CI=1.33, 2.25) and Wave 4 (OR=1.62; 95% CI=1.21, 2.18) vs. Wave 1. The findings of this study provide preliminary evidence suggesting that children’s adherence to the guidelines is significantly associated with both parent’s adherence and their PBC. These findings suggest that family-based interventions should be implemented to support children’s movement behaviours.
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One step at a time: physical activity and wellness in post-secondary students
(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Education, 2024) MacKay, Christine E.; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Education; Balderson, Daniel
This project examines the relationship between physical activity and wellness in the university student population. Countless studies have found positive relationships between physical activity and psychological health. However, there are numerous individual and societal barriers to participating in physical activity. Increases in sedentary behaviour in our society is associated with increased prevalence of mental health concerns. Therefore, it is the utmost importance to educate and motivate university students to participate in physical activity. I believe understanding the biological connection between physical activity and mental health outcomes provides the motivation to be active. A PowerPoint via Microsoft Teams was presented to the M.Ed. 2022 cohort with a handout for tips to become more active. When university students’ mental and physical health improves, it allows for greater enjoyment in their studies and increased satisfaction throughout their lives.
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Little minds: big days ahead: a CBT web-based self-help program for children and adolescents with obsessive-compulsive disorder
(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Education, 2024) Clutton, Paige A.; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Education; Beaudin, Lorraine C.
The purpose of this master’s level project is to develop a web-based CBT self-help program for children and adolescents managing Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Obsessive-compulsive disorder is a relatively commonly experienced mental health concern across the global population. The program will be hosted on a website consisting of five modules: psychoeducation, somatic management skills training, cognitive restructuring, exposures, and relapse prevention that children and youth can work through at their own pace. Each module will consist of a brief outline of learning objectives, a brief video from the author, a supplementary video, and additional resources. Cognitive behavioral therapy was selected as the therapeutic modality as CBT has been shown to be effective for the treatment of anxiety-based disorders in that this therapeutic modality challenges and attempts to reframe the negative thinking or behavioral patterns of the individuals (Rickwood & Bradford, 2022). It has been observed that youth often consult the internet as their initial point of contact when seeking help for mental health-related concerns (Hanley et al., 2021). Therefore it is hoped that an online web-based program could hopefully offer support to individuals who may have certain physical or psychological barriers which may interfere with their abilities to access traditional in-person therapy. This website can either be used independently by adolescents (12+) or could be utilized by counsellors as a resource to share with clients to supplement their in-person sessions.
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Divine intervention: multimodal pragmatics and unconventional opposition in performed character speech in Dragon Age: Inquisition
(Benjamin Johns, 2021) Villanueva, Emily; Ensslin, Astrid
Despite the fact that video games often take place in fictional worlds, the performed accents of game characters are very real reflections of the language ideologies of a game's creators and its indended audience. This chapter demonstrated how these ideologies are at play in the game world of Bio Ware's popular fantasy role-playing game Dragon Age: Inquisition (2014), through its linguistic differentiation of two of its primary female characters. On many levels of representation the characters are presented as counter to one another; however both are linguistically othered from the majority of in-game characters by way of their accented English. Video games allow players a number of medium-specific affordances absent from other forms of media, such as agency and interactivity, which gives players the unique opportunity to shape their own narrative. Thus, using medium-specific multimodal discourse analysis and the concept of procedural rhetoric, this chapter examines the ways in which Leliana and Cassandra's accents participate in the construction of social and ideological meanins during gameplay, and how the dynamic, performative nature of gameplay affects players' perception of these characters.
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Review of the book Algorithms of resistance: the everyday fight against platform power
(Iowa State University Digital Press, 2024) Villanueva, Emily
A brief review of Tiziano Bonini and Emiliano Treré's book Algorithms of Resistance: The Everyday Fight against Platform Power. Cambridge: The MIT Press. 256 pp. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7551/mitpress/14329.001.0001 (open access eBook); ISBN 9780262547420, 30.00 USD (paperback).