Association between sociodemographic factors and mobility limitation among older adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis protocol

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Onyeso, Ogochukwu K.
Odole, Adesola C.
Scott, David R.
Akinrolie, Olayinka
Kalu, Michael E.
Awosoga, Olu A.
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BioMed Central
Background Mobility is an independent predictor of physical functionality, healthy ageing, and quality of life. Various literatures have associated mobility limitation in older adulthood with demographic and socioeconomic factors. Hence, we propose a systematic review and meta-analysis to synthesise the association between sociodemographic factors and mobility limitations in older adults. Methods and analyses This protocol was written according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Protocols (PRISMA-P) guidelines. We will perform a comprehensive search of all observational studies that assessed the relationship between age, gender, race, place, education, income, occupation, social status, and walking distance, time, or speed. Electronic databases (MEDLINE, Web of Science, EMBASE, CINAHL, AgeLine, and SPORTDiscus) will be searched from inception to 28 February 2023. We will supplement the database search by manually searching the reference lists of all identified and relevant full-text articles. Two independent reviewers will be responsible for screening articles, data extraction, and assessment of bias. We will appraise the study quality and risk of bias using the Prediction Model Risk of Bias Assessment Tool (PROBAST). A meta-analysis will be considered if data from the selected studies are homogeneous, otherwise, a narrative synthesis of the extracted data will be presented. Discussion Mobility limitation leads to frequent falls, dependency, morbidity, and death among older adults. This review is necessary, to identify and prioritise important sociodemographic factors during older adults’ clinical assessment and policy development. It is the first phase of a multi-methods study seeking to develop a prognostic mobility trajectory for community-dwelling older adults.
Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0) applies
Mobility limitation , Sociodemographic factors , Older adults
Onyeso, O. K., Odole, A. C., Scott, D. R., Akinrolie, O., Kalu, M. E., & Awosoga, O. A. (2023). Association between sociodemographic factors and mobility limitation among older adults: A systematic review and meta-analysis protocol. Systematic Reviews, 12, Article 19,