Browsing Scott, David by Issue Date
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- ItemSecond report of the Alberta Bird Record Committee(Federation of Alberta Naturalists, 1999) Slater, Andrew
- ItemFourth report of the Alberta Bird Record Committee(Federation of Alberta Naturalists, 2002) Slater, Andrew; Hudon, Jocelyn
- ItemSeventh report of the Alberta Bird Record Committee(Federation of Alberta Naturalists, 2007) Hudon, Jocelyn; Klauke, Richard; Knapton, Richard; Lein, M. Ross; Riddell, John; Ritchie, Brian; Wershler, Ray; Alberta Bird Record Committee
- ItemEighth report of the Alberta Bird Record Committee(Federation of Alberta Naturalists, 2008) Hudon, Jocelyn; Klauke, Richard; Knapton, Richard; Lein, M. Ross; Riddell, John; Ritchie, Brian; Wershler, Ray; Alberta Bird Record Committee
- ItemEleventh report of the Alberta Bird Record Committee(Federation of Alberta Naturalists, 2014) Hudon, Jocelyn; Klauke, Richard; Knapton, Richard; Lein, M. Ross; Riddell, John; Ritchie, Brian; Wershler, Ray; Alberta Bird Record Committee
- ItemE-books @ University of Lethbridge Library: a snapshot(2015) Cowan, Sandra A.; Scott, David R.
- ItemThe Canadian dollar versus the collection: How Canadian university libraries are coping(The Partnership. Provincial and Territorial Library Association of Canada, 2016) Scott, David R.; Eva, NicoleThrough 2015 and into 2016, Canadian academic libraries’ collections budgets were severely strained due to the steady decline of the CAD/USD exchange rate. As most subscription fees for electronic resources (e-resources) are billed in US dollars, the falling value of the Canadian dollar significantly reduced libraries’ purchasing power. This study is based on a survey of the English-speaking member institutions of the Canadian Research Knowledge Network (CRKN), a Canadian collections consortium, carried out to determine the impact of the poor exchange rate on collection development and how libraries are coping with new budgetary pressures. Librarians from 33 universities provided survey responses. Of these, 22 participated in telephone interviews to further discuss concerns and ideas regarding the current crisis. The study finds that all participant libraries have taken actions to address the budgetary shortfall, including cancelling serial and database subscriptions, negotiating lower costs with vendors, purchasing fewer monographs, and soliciting additional funding from their institutions. While the financial strain resulting from exchange rate fluctuations is indeed a significant problem for which solutions should be sought, several respondents stressed that it only exacerbates the ongoing inflation of e-resource subscriptions. This deeper and enduring issue, which is expected to outlast the present exchange rate crisis, is enabled by an inherently flawed scholarly publishing system. Thus, librarians engaged in discussions with their wider academic communities concerning collections budgets should not focus exclusively on the exchange rate but should leverage the opportunity to explore alternatives to the current scholarly communication model. If solutions exist, they will likely only be achieved through the support of faculty and university administrators, as well as cooperation among post-secondary institutions and library consortia.
- ItemAn annotated bibliography of selected articles on altmetrics(2016) Swanepoel, Marinus; Scott, David R.; Spiric, Vanja; Foresster, Deanna
- ItemTwelfth report of the Alberta Bird Record Committee(Federation of Alberta Naturalists, 2017) Hudon, Jocelyn; Klauke, Richard; Lein, M. Ross; Riddell, John; Ritchie, Brian; Romanchuk, Gerald; Wershler, Ray; Alberta Bird Record Committee
- ItemNonpharmacological management of behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia: what works, in what circumstances, and why?(Oxford University Press, 2018) Caspar, Sienna; Davis, Erin D.; Douziech, Aimee; Scott, David R.Objective: Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) refer to the often distressing, noncognitive symptoms of dementia. BPSD appear in up to 90% of persons with dementia and can cause serious complications. Reducing the use of antipsychotic medications to treat BPSD is an international priority. This review addresses the following questions: What nonpharmacological interventions work to manage BPSD? And, in what circumstances do they work and why? Method: A realist review was conducted to identify and explain the interactions among context, mechanism, and outcome. We searched electronic databases for empirical studies that reported a formal evaluation of nonpharmacological interventions to decrease BPSD. Results: Seventy-four articles met the inclusion criteria. Three mechanisms emerged as necessary for sustained effective outcomes: the caring environment, care skill development and maintenance, and individualization of care. We offer hypotheses about how different contexts account for the success, failure, or partial success of these mechanisms within the interventions. Discussion: Nonpharmacological interventions for BPSD should include consideration of both the physical and the social environment, ongoing education/training and support for care providers, and individualized approaches that promote self-determination and continued opportunities for meaning and purpose for persons with dementia.
- ItemCanadian and South African scholars' use of institutional repositories, ResearchGate, and Academia.edu(The Partnership. Provincial and Territorial Library Association of Canada, 2018) Swanepoel, Marinus; Scott, David R.Since their initial development in the early 2000s, institutional repositories (IRs) have proliferated around the globe. Due to low faculty participation, however, content recruitment has often posed a significant challenge for librarians and others promoting their use. Through the last decade, academic social networks (ASNs), such as ResearchGate and Academia.edu, have become popular among scholars as a means to communicate with each other and share their research. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with sixty scholars at six universities in Canada and South Africa to explore their views and practices pertaining to IRs and ASNs. Interviews were transcribed and coded to elucidate trends and themes in the data. The study found that few participants were active supporters of their local IRs. Lack of awareness, time limitations, and concerns regarding copyright remain some of the main obstacles to increased faculty participation. Conversely, more than half of the interviewees were active users of either ResearchGate or Academia.edu. These users valued ASNs both as a means of sharing their work and as tools facilitating connections with their colleagues internationally. Though IRs need not compete with these networks, proponents of open access repositories should be prepared to explain to faculty why they should consider having their research made accessible in a repository though they may already actively share their work through ResearchGate or Academia.edu. Significantly, both ASNs and IRs were more popular among South African than Canadian researchers. It is hoped that the results of the study will be helpful in informing the understanding and decisions of librarians and others working to develop and promote IRs and green open access more broadly.
- ItemContinuing care in rural Alberta: a scoping review(Wiley, 2018) Brassolotto, Julia; Haney, Carly-Ann; Hallstrom, Lars K.; Scott, David R.Across Canada the demand for continuing care services is increasing. However, little is known about the implications this has for rural communities. This scoping review identiﬁes several key themes in the literature related to continuing care in Alberta. These include contextual factors, quality assurance and improvement, and workforce issues. We identify the ways in which rural dynamics are included in, or omitted from, this literature and recommend areas for future research on rural continuing care provision. Further research on residential care services in rural communities should work towards bridging the rural health, academic, and organizational literature on continuing care. This synthesis will help to position rurality as a determinant of health and to situate continuing care services in speciﬁc rural settings.
- Item"Social justice in scholarly publishing: Open access is the only way"(University of Lethbridge, 2019) Cardozo, Paula; Craig, Romany; Graham, Rumi Y.; Scott, David R.The title of this presentation is borrowed from the title of a 2017 article in The American Journal of Bioethics, which opens with the incontrovertible observation, “we live in an unequal world.” The arenas in which inequality plays out are many and varied, but one of them happens to be our intellectual heartland of scholarly publishing. If social justice is an end we believe in, then open access is a means by which we, as researchers and teachers, can meaningfully move the dial toward equality. In this talk, we sketch some ideas that show how we can do that together, and why we should try.