Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal (LURJ)
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- ItemReligion in Public Schools: Discerning the Needed Balance of Religion in Public Schools(Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal, 2009-03) Khrais, ReemaThe recent approach of public educators eliminating any mention of religion in school curricula may prove to be detrimental to the developing education of students. Over the years, United States federal government, as well as many state and local governments, have attempted to interpret the appropriate relationship between religion and public schools. The highly debated issue has been the question of what role, if any, religion should have in America's public schools. Wary of violating any legal constraints, many public schools nowadays have tackled the issue of religion by steering clear of it, or merely neglecting to adequately cover topics concerning it. Debate over the issue of religion in school curricula have fallen under two camps. Some scholars argue that religion should be utterly eliminated in public schools whereas other scholars argue that religion should be a vital component in the school curricula of public schools. In this article, I argue that though endorsement of religion violates the legal principles of the United States, this does not insinuate that religion in school curricula should be excluded altogether. In order to prove such assertion, I will first examine the legal standards of the U.S. under the First amendment as they pertain to religion. I will next analyze the case of Everson v. Board of Education of Ewing Township (1947) and how it aided in establishing the concrete guidelines and interpretation of the Establishment Clause and how such interpretation disallows the promotion of religion in public schools. In the last portion of my article, I maintain my argument by detailing the necessity of discussing and referencing religion in a well-rounded education and how such was effectively carried out recently by a school district in California. As teachers have more than ever avoided the mention of religion, scholars may find that further research on the integration of religion in school curricula must be implemented in order to assess the adequate balance of religious assimilation needed in school curricula.
- ItemMagic within the Mayhem: the Multi-genre Success of Harry Potter(Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal, 2009-03) O'Brien, Kelly
- ItemWhy Procrastinate: An Investigation of the Root Causes behind Procrastination(Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal, 2009-03) Thakkar, NealThis paper examines different theories on the reasons why students procrastinate on their academic assignments. Although the fear of failure, self-regulatory failures and low self-efficacy have been linked to procrastination among students, recent research suggests these theories aren't complete because they don't account for task aversiveness or the hyperbolic discounting of time. The Temporal Motivation Theory is the most valid theory of procrastination today because it incorporates the self-regulatory and self-efficacy theories and accounts for task aversiveness and the hyperbolic discounting of time. By understanding the root causes behind procrastination, effective solutions can be invented, researched and spread to stem the tide of procrastination among students and in society.
- ItemGlobalization and the Transcendence of Democracy(Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal, 2009-03) Shruhan, Matthew
- ItemFinancial Success for the New Private Practice Chiropractor(Lethbridge Undergraduate Research Journal, 2009-03) Herman, David MatthewAlthough clinical research is prevalent in chiropractic medicine, very little research exists on the business related aspects of chiropractic medicine and practice. Consequently, because business courses are limited in chiropractic education, a new chiropractor must establish and operate a private practice with limited business knowledge, often resulting in poor financial decisions. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to provide the new private practice chiropractor with optimal decisions that he or she can make enabling and guiding their financial success. Forty private practice chiropractors were contacted by telephone in Kentucky and Ohio with populations of 17,000 or less. A total research sample of ten chiropractors completed a structured survey of twenty-one questions using SelectSurveyASP Advanced software. Beginning in the 1970s, there has been a continuous rise in the debt acquired from chiropractic school, from an average of $25,000 to an average of $143,750 in the 2000s. The average amount of money that the sample needed to begin their private practice was $135,000. To cover their monthly expenses, the sample needed to earn an average of $4,200. The sample overwhelmingly agreed that the three most important attributes to a private practice chiropractor's success were receptionists/office managers, billing and collection specialists, and massage therapists. The sample also felt that for a new chiropractor to succeed, he or she must purchase a chiropractic table, diagnostic instruments, an x-ray system, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) unit, ultrasound unit, and a heat/cold therapy unit. The most successful advertisement mediums for recruiting new patients were patients' referrals and general word-of-mouth information. The overwhelming majority of the sample accepted some form of managed healthcare plan. On average, the sample was able to establish a self-sustaining private practice in three years. These findings will enable a new private practice chiropractor to make sound financial decisions.