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- ItemThe 1999 Mallard fire: Lessons learned(The Faculty of Health Sciences - The University of Lethbridge, 2010) Kulig, Judith Celene; Kimmel, A.; Gullacher, A.; Reimer, B.; Townshend, Ivan; Edge, Dana; Lightfoot, Nancy; McKay, M.; Barnett, M.; Clague, J.; Coghlan, A.La Ronge is located in northern Saskatchewan on the shore of Lac La Ronge. It is adjacent to the Lac La Ronge Indian band and the northern village of Air Ronge. La Ronge is the largest community in northern Saskatchewan with over 2700 people residing in the town, 2000 people on the adjacent First Nations lands of the Lac la Ronge Indian band, and approximately 1000 people residing in the bordering Métis settlement of Air Ronge. La Ronge acts as the service centre for almost all of Northern Saskatchewan. Firefighters battled the Mallard Fire that caused the evacuation of the entire community of La Ronge on May 27, 1999. The fire, which was started by lightning, stretched over a distance of 8 kilometres and it took one week, 248 firefighters, and several water bombers to extinguish it. The damage included the destruction of 8 homes in Eagle Point, 1 trailer on Riese Drive and 1 bush home. Some commer-cial buildings were also destroyed within the town boundaries; however, no injuries were reported.
- ItemFamilies and children : responses to wildfires--links to community resiliency(University of Lethbridge, 2012) Kulig, Judith Celene; Pujadas Botey, Anna; Townshend, Ivan; Awosoga, Olu A.; Shepard, Blythe; Edge, Dana; Reimer, William; Lightfoot, NancyUnderstanding the impacts of wildfires on families and children is in its infancy. The mixed methods study reported here offers insights and perspectives that can be considered for future research on the topic. Simultaneously, continuing to examine resiliency within communities that are challenged by adversity will also enhance our understanding of topics vital to disaster planning and mitigation. In this way, we can identify services and policies that will be useful for health and human services, community development and disaster management.
- ItemHousehold survey results Slave lake, AB 2012 : technical report(University of Lethbridge, 2012) Kulig, Judith Celene; Townshend, Ivan; Awosoga, Olu A.; Shepard, Blythe; Reimer, William; Edge, Dana; Lightfoot, NancyResults of a household survey that was conducted to assess the following variables within a larger population within the Slave Lake area postwildfire: 1. What were the evacuation experiences of the Slave Lake area residents? 2. What were the impacts of the wildfires on the families and children that experienced it? 3. What were the impacts of the wildfires on the community’s social relations?
- ItemIntegrated Dis-Integration: Employment Structure of First Nations Communities on the Prairies Relative to their Local Regions(Canadian Indian/Native Studies Association, 2004) Townshend, Ivan; MacLachlan, Ian; O'Donoghue, DanAn exploratory study of the employment specialization/diversity of Prairie First Nations Communities (FNCs) in relation to the employment structure of five comparative settlement system base profiles that are found within their local regions. The FNCs are classified according to levels of settlement system integration. Findings reveal considerable differences in the employment structures at all levels of settlement system integration; a problem that is summarized as the paradox of integrated disintegration.
- ItemLevels of risk: Perspectives of the Lost Creek fire(Australian Journal of Emergency Management, 2009) Kulig, Judith Celene; Edge, Dana; Reimer, William; Townshend, Ivan; Lightfoot, NancyRisk has been considered as the probability of experiencing adverse events. Understanding risk and vulnerability is essential to disaster management and recovery. Through qualitative interviews in a community that experienced a wildfire, ‘at-risk’ and ‘feeling at-risk’ themes were identified for both the individuals and community in this study. Internal and external circumstances along with varying levels of dependence influenced the reports of risk. Individual and community risk during a major wildfire is discussed in order to explain links to community resiliency. Such understandings can aid in the development of appropriate measures to reduce short- and long-term impacts from natural disasters.
- ItemModeling Regional Impacts of BSE in Alberta in Terms of Cattle Herd Structure(2007-08-20) MacLachlan, Ian; Townshend, IvanStructure of Talk: Regional Impact of BSE Crisis; Discuss data issues; Describe shift and share model (Notation, Sailboat racing metaphor, & Shift‐share identity); Examine preliminary results; Future research.
- ItemPrairie People’s Packers Pending: The New Generation Cooperative Model of Cattle Slaughter(2006-06) MacLachlan, Ian; Townshend, Ivan; Aitken, Sheena
- ItemRegional Impacts of BSE in Alberta(2007-07-17) MacLachlan, Ian; Townshend, IvanStructure of Talk: Global rural: Zoonosis!; Beef Production is Important in Rural Alberta; Alberta’s BSE Crisis in Context; Half full or half empty? (We dodged a bullet! Perfect Storm); Regional Impact of BSE Crisis.
- ItemReport of the household survey: Coaldale, AB(University of Lethbridge, 2010) Kulig, Judith Celene; Reimer, William; Townshend, Ivan; Edge, Dana; Lightfoot, Nancy; Kimmel, Ainslee; Hosgood, EmmaThere are mounting concerns about individual and community preparedness for disasters in part because disasters are increasing in numbers. Circumstances such as pine beetle infestations, climate change and an increased number of homes in forested areas contribute to the increased number of disasters and their impacts. In order to understand community response to wildfires, a mixed method study was conducted (2008-2010) in two communities in western Canada (Barriere, British Columbia and La Ronge, Saskatchewan) (ruralwildfire.ca). These two communities were selected since they had endured wildfires that resulted in community evacuation with significant loss of property (McClure fire in BC, 2003; and, Mallard fire in SK, in 1999). Coaldale, Alberta was chosen as a comparison community that had not experienced a recent natural disaster and was of similar size to Barriere and La Ronge.
- ItemReport of the household survey: La Ronge, SK(University of Lethbridge, 2010) Kulig, Judith Celene; Reimer, William; Townshend, Ivan; Edge, Dana; Lightfoot, Nancy; Kimmel, Ainslee; Hosgood, EmmaMounting concerns about individual and community preparedness for disasters are being voiced, in part because natural disasters are increasing. In Canada, circumstances such as pine beetle infestations, reduced precipitation coupled with above normal tem-peratures, and an increased number of homes in forested areas contribute to the in-creased occurrence of wildfires and their impact on humans. In order to understand community responses to wildfires, a mixed method study was conducted (2008-2010) in two communities in western Canada: Barriere, British Columbia and La Ronge, Sas-katchewan (ruralwildfire.ca). These two communities were selected since they had en-dured wildfires that resulted in community evacuation with significant loss of property (McClure fire in BC, 2003; and, Mallard fire in SK, 1999).
- ItemSchool survey results Slave Lake, AB 2012 technical report(University of Lethbridge, 2012) Kulig, Judith Celene; Townshend, Ivan; Awosoga, Olu A.; Shepard, BlytheThe objective of the school survey was to examine the impacts of the fire on children, and particularly the manifestation of post-traumatic stress and coping difficulties, and to explore changes in these characteristics through time. Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by reliving a psychologically traumatic situation, long after any physical danger involved has passed, through flashbacks and nightmares. Other psychiatric, social, or behavioural disorders may also manifest as a result of such trauma. The research team provided input into the questionnaire design over the months of August 2011 to November 2011. Where possible, previously tested and robust survey items were incorporated into the body of the questionnaire. In this case, we included two well-known and robust screening instruments: one to screen for post traumatic stress, and the other to identify strengths and difficulties.
- ItemStockyards Districts as Industrial Clusters in Two Western Canadian Cities(Western Division, Canadian Association of Geographers, 2004) MacLachlan, Ian; Townshend, IvanThe stockyard was the nucleus of the livestock and meat processing agroindustry, one of the key propulsive forces in the rapid growth of western Canada at the turn of the century. In metropolitan centres such as Calgary and in smaller cities such as Lethbridge, stockyards functioned as transhipment points for livestock in transit and as markets for meat-packing plants. The activities typically drawn together by stockyards created a distinctly western Canadian industrial complex which benefited from agglomeration economies and industrial inertia. Nevertheless, public stockyards are now a relict urban land use and have all but disappeared from the urban landscape. The factors contributing to the waning role of stockyards are identified, with implications for the application of the theory of agglomeration economies and industrial clusters to resource-based industries.