Investigating the relationship among personality characteristics, safety motivation and safety participation: safety incentives as a moderator

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Ibitoye, Subomi
University of Lethbridge. Dhillon School of Business
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Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dhillon School of Business
This study extends recent research on the conceptual relationships defined by the Integrative Model of Workplace Safety (Christian et al, 2009). It assesses the predictive relationship that exists between personality characteristics, safety motivation and safety participation and the moderating effect of safety incentives. A survey of previously validated measures was administered via Amazon’s Mechanical Turk to 178 participants currently employed in the healthcare industry in the United States. Multiple regression analysis was carried out for the interactions between HEXACO personality traits (honesty-humility, conscientiousness and emotionality) and types of safety incentives (tangible, intangible, no incentive or disincentive) to determine the resultant effect on safety motivation outcomes. The main effects hypothesis for honesty-humility and conscientiousness were supported as predictors of safety motivation outcomes, while emotionality was not predictive of safety motivation outcomes. Safety incentives did not significantly alter the main effects of honesty-humility and conscientiousness on safety motivation outcomes. However, intangible incentives did interact significantly with emotionality in predicting safety motivation outcomes.
Safety education, Industrial , Industrial safety , Accidents -- Prevention , Incentives in industry , Incentive (Psychology) , Personality and motivation , Personality assessment , HEXACO personality model , safety compliance , safety incentive effectiveness , safety motivation , safety participation , workplace safety