Language policy in education: second official language in (technical) education in Canada and Cameroon

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Takam, Alain F.
Fasse, Innocent M.
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Canadian Center of Science and Education
It should be said from the outset that, apart from Esambe’s (1999) MA thesis, no comparative research, to the best of our knowledge, has so far been devoted to the study of language policy in education in both Canada and Cameroon. Yet, these two countries offer a fascinating basis for comparison because English and French (which were instituted at roughly the same time in these two countries) are the two official languages in each country, but the minority status is reversed. This study, which rests on the observation that students from technical training programmes generally underperform or lack interest in their second official language (SOL), aims at comparing the current policies of SOL in education in order to see how both countries’ experiences can be mutually informing. To achieve its purpose, this research focuses on the analysis of the policies of official languages (OLs) in education in both countries, specifically regarding technical training programmes. More clearly, language policy in education and SOL education policy as obtained in both countries will be comparatively examined. The comparison, it is hoped, will reveal the fundamental causes of the overall poor performance or lack of interest observed in Cameroon and Canada respectively.
Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) applies
Second official language , French as second language , English as second language , Technical education , Language policy in education , Cameroon , Canada
Takam, A. F., & Mbouya, I. F. (2018). Language policy in education: Second official language in (technical) education in Canada and Cameroon. Journal of Education and Learning, 7(4), 20-31.