Zebrin II / Aldolase C expression in the cerebellum of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox)
Aspden, Joel W.
Armstrong, Carol L.
Gutierrez-Ibanez, Cristian I.
Iwaniuk, Andrew N.
Graham, David J.
Wylie, Douglas R.
Public Library of Science
Aldolase C, also known as Zebrin II (ZII), is a glycolytic enzyme that is expressed in cerebellar Purkinje cells of the vertebrate cerebellum. In both mammals and birds, ZII is expressed heterogeneously, such that there are sagittal stripes of Purkinje cells with high ZII expression (ZII+), alternating with stripes of Purkinje cells with little or no expression (ZII-). The patterns of ZII+ and ZII- stripes in the cerebellum of birds and mammals are strikingly similar, suggesting that it may have first evolved in the stem reptiles. In this study, we examined the expression of ZII in the cerebellum of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox). In contrast to birds and mammals, the cerebellum of the rattlesnake is much smaller and simpler, consisting of a small, unfoliated dome of cells. A pattern of alternating ZII+ and ZII- sagittal stripes cells was not observed: rather all Purkinje cells were ZII+. This suggests that ZII stripes have either been lost in snakes or that they evolved convergently in birds and mammals.
Sherpa Romeo green journal: open access
Aldolase C , Zebrin II , ZII expression , Western diamondback rattlesnake , Cerebellum , Purkinje cells , ZII stripes
Aspden, J. W., Armstrong, C. L., Gutierrez-Ibanez, C. I., Hawkes, R., Iwaniuk, A. N., Kohl, T. ... Wylie, D. R. (2015). Zebrin II / Aldolase C expression in the cerebellum of the western diamondback rattlesnake (Crotalus atrox). PloS ONE, 10(2), e0117539. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0177539