The bystander effect : animal and plant models

Thumbnail Image
Zemp, Franz Joseph
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Arts and Science, 2008
Bystander effects are traditionally known as a phenomenon whereby unexposed cells exhibit the molecular symptoms of stress exposure when adjacent or nearby cells are traversed by ionizing radiation. However, the realm of bystander effects can be expanded to include any systemic changes to cellular homeostasis in response to a number of biotic or abiotic stresses, in any molecular system. This thesis encompasses three independent experiments looking at bystander and bystander-like responses in both plant and animal models. In plants, an investigation into the regulation of small RNAs has given us some insights into the regulation of the plant hormone auxin in both stress-treated and systemic (bystander) leaves. Another plant model shows that a bystander-like plant-plant signal can be induced upon ionizing radiation to increase the genome instability of neighbouring unexposed (bystander) plants. In animals, it is shown that the microRNAome is largely affected in the bystander cells in a three-dimensional human tissue model. In silico and bioinfomatic analysis of this data provide us with clues as to the nature of bystander signalling in this human ‘in vivo’ model.
xiv, 141 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.
Dissertations, Academic , Cells -- Effect of radiation on , Ionizing radiation , Plants -- Effect of radiation on , Animals -- Effect of radiation on , RNA -- Effect of radiation on