- ItemState of the evidence: Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) prevention: Final report(Submitted to the Alberta Centre for Child, Family and Community Research (ACCFCR), 2004-11-30) Basford, Lynn; Thorpe, Karran; Williams, Robert J.; Droessler, Judith; Deshpande, Sameer; Bureau, Alexandre; Piquette-Tomei, Noëlla A.; Cardwell, KellyThe review of the literature on Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD) Prevention was carried out by a multidisciplinary team using a Cochrane-style systematic review methodology. A key component of the review was the double-blind reading by two independent reviewers of all documents identified in a broad scope literature search. The objective of this methodological approach was to create a comprehensive context through which policy and practice can be informed and developed from a sound evidence base.
- ItemPromoting Alcohol Abstinence among Pregnant Women: Potential Social Change Strategies(Haworth Press, Inc., 2006-11-28) Deshpande, Sameer; Basil, Michael D.; Basford, Lynn; Thorpe, Karran; Piquette-Tomei, Noëlla A.; Droessler, Judith; Cardwell, Kelly; Williams, Robert J.; Bureau, AlexandreFetal Alcohol Syndrome Disorder (FASD) is one of the most preventable sources of developmental abnormalities, and has a singular cause-alcohol consumption during pregnancy. Estimates for the costs of treatment of a single case of FASD range often above one million dollars. The primary strategy for prevention currently centers on no alcohol consumption during pregnancy. However, a sizeable number of North American women currently drink during pregnancy. A literature review examined the behavior of maternal alcohol consumption in order to understand the rationale associated with drinking. Generally, it appears that pregnant women differ by their alcohol consumption habits and their reasons to drink. In an attempt to eliminate FASD, we review a number of educational, legal, and community-based programs that have been used to promote abstinence and examine where they have been successful. Unfortunately, social marketing strategies have received less attention. Several potential applications of social marketing directed to drinkingduringpregnancy campaigns are suggested, and possible contributions to the overall effort are explained.
- ItemRecent research in the socio-cultural domain of gaming and gambling: An annotated bibliography and critical overview(Alberta Gaming Research Institute, 2000-12) McGowan, Virginia Margaret; Droessler, Judith; Nixon, Gary; Grimshaw, MistyThe purpose of this overview is to systematically identify and critically analyze the relevant scientific, descriptive, and policy-oriented literature in this area with the aim of providing a resource that will inform future research and development in gaming and gambling studies. Accordingly, this review constitutes a source document on gaming and gambling studies produced in the latter part of the twentieth century in English- and French-speaking countries. Studies are included that examine the distribution and patterning of gaming and gambling among population sub-groups; social structural factors influencing those patterns within the context of traditional and emerging norms, values and beliefs; and social impacts of gaming and gambling. Literature produced between 1980 and 2000 in North America, Europe, and non-European Commonwealth countries is included, as well as (in the critical overview) a summary of gaming and gambling among Blackfoot peoples, as recorded in ethnographic studies available through the electronic version of the Human Relations Area Files (eHRAF). A range of studies representing different methods and disciplines were included as this material was found in both published and unpublished (“grey literature”) forms. Materials were included if they were judged by the project team to comprise a significant contribution to the literature in this domain.