Tetrakis(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)diphosphine and related compounds : an electrochemical and EPR spectroscopic study of radical cations
Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry, c2012
In this thesis the synthesis and full characterization of a new bulky diphosphine, tetrakis-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)diphosphine, are described. This compound displays facile oxidation and a thorough investigation of its redox properties has been studied by combining solution electrochemical techniques such as cyclic voltammetry (CV) and rotating disk electrode (RDE) voltammetry, with spectroscopic methods such as electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and Simultaneous Electrochemical Electron Paramagnetic Resonance (SEEPR) spectroscopy over a wide temperature range. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations were carried out to aid in structural characterization of the radical cation that is produced and to provide computed hyperfine splitting (HFS) constants for comparison with experimental results. For comparison to this species with bulky aromatic substituents, similar studies were conducted that have identified the previously unreported radical cation of tetrakis-tert-butyldiphosphine with a bulky aliphatic substituent that provides even higher steric pressure than the 2,6-diisopropylphenyl group. DFT calculations are reported, as is full characterization with fluid and frozen-solution EPR spectroscopy. Further CV and EPR (SEEPR) studies are reported that led to the identification of radical cations of tris(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)arsine and bis(2,4,6-triisopropylphenyl)(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)phosphine. DFT calculations are reported, as is full characterization with fluid and frozen-solution EPR spectroscopy.
xix, 172 leaves : ill (some col.) ; 29 cm
Phosphorus compounds , Diphosphonates , Cations , Electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy , X-ray crystallography , Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy , Electrochemistry , Dissertations, Academic