Reactivation of rate remapping in CA3

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Schwindel, C. Daniela
Navratilova, Zaneta
Ali, Karim
Tatsuno, Masami
McNaughton, Bruce L.
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Society for Neuroscience
The hippocampus is thought to contribute to episodic memory by creating, storing, and reactivating patterns that are unique to each experience, including different experiences that happen at the same location. Hippocampus can combine spatial and contextual/episodic information using a dual coding scheme known as “global” and “rate” remapping. Global remapping selects which set of neurons can activate at a given location. Rate remapping readjusts the firing rates of this set depending on current experience, thus expressing experience-unique patterns at each location. But can the experience-unique component be retrieved spontaneously? Whereas reactivation of recent, spatially selective patterns in hippocampus is well established, it is never perfect, raising the issue of whether the experiential component might be absent. This question is key to the hypothesis that hippocampus can assist memory consolidation by reactivating and broadcasting experience-specific “index codes” to neocortex. In CA3, global remapping exhibits attractor-like dynamics, whereas rate remapping apparently does not, leading to the hypothesis that only the former can be retrieved associatively and casting doubt on the general consolidation hypothesis. Therefore, we studied whether the rate component is reactivated spontaneously during sleep. We conducted neural ensemble recordings from CA3 while rats ran on a circular track in different directions (in different sessions) and while they slept. It was shown previously that the two directions of running result in strong rate remapping. During sleep, the most recent rate distribution was reactivated preferentially. Therefore, CA3 can retrieve patterns spontaneously that are unique to both the location and the content of recent experience.
Sherpa Romeo yellow journal. Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) applies
CA3 , Episodic memory , Hippocampus , Memory reactivation , Rate remapping , Global remapping
Schwindel, C. D., Navratilova, Z., Ali, K., Tatsuno, M., & McNaughton, B. L. (2016). Reactivation of rate remapping in CA3. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(36), 9342-9350. DOI:10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1678-15.2016