Cellular roles of the human Obg-like ATPase 1 (hOLA1) and its YchF homologs

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Balasingam, Nirujah
Brandon, Harland E.
Ross, Joseph A.
Wieden, Hans-Joachim
Thakor, Nehal
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Canadian Science Publishing
P-loop NTPases comprise one of the major superfamilies of nucleotide binding proteins, which mediate a variety of cellular processes, such as mRNA translation, signal transduction, cell motility, and growth regulation. In this review, we discuss the structure and function of two members of the ancient Obg-related family of P-loop GTPases: human Obg-like ATPase 1 (hOLA1), and its bacterial/plant homolog, YchF. After a brief discussion of nucleotide binding proteins in general and the classification of the Obg-related family in particular, we discuss the sequence and structural features of YchF and hOLA1. We then explore the various functional roles of hOLA1 in mammalian cells during stress response and cancer progression, and of YchF in bacterial cells. Finally, we directly compare and contrast the structure and function of hOLA1 with YchF before summarizing the future perspectives of hOLA1 research. This review is timely, given the variety of recent studies aimed at understanding the roles of hOLA1 and YchF in such critical processes as cellular-stress response, oncogenesis, and protein synthesis.
Permission to archive accepted author manuscript.
hOLA1 , YchF , Cellular stress , Cancer progression , Structure-function
Balasingam, N., Brandon, H. E., Ross, J. A., Wieden, H.-J., & Thakor, N. (2020). Cellular roles of human Obg-like ATPase 1 (hOLA1) and its YchF homologs. Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 98(1), 1-11. doi: 10.1139/bcb-2018-0353