Unveiling a socio-demographic portrait of Canadian men's mental health : exploring the intersectional impact of social hierarchies on depression and suicidal ideation among Canadian men

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Kellett, Peter
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
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Lethbridge, Alta : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Sociology
The intersectional impact of multiple social gradients on major depression (MD) and lifetime suicidal ideation (LSI) among Canadian men was explored through statistical analysis of four years of Canadian Community Health Survey data spanning 2009-2012 (n=124 000). 4.1% of Canadian men demonstrated MD, with significant variation across sub-groups of men. Significant predictors of MD included low self-esteem, current unemployment, low social support, being a sexual minority, and younger age. The effect of resource inequalities on MD were fully mediated by self-esteem, with the exception of social support, which exerted both a direct and indirect effect on depression predicted probability (DPP), while also moderating the effect of self-esteem on DPP. Significant predictors of LSI included low self-esteem, low social support, and visible minority status. Low standing on a single social gradient only predicted of MD or LSI, in the presence of high covariance contribution related to poor standing on multiple gradients.
Canadian men , depression , masculinities , sexual orientation , socio-demographic hierarchies , suicide