The Role of self-efficacy in the decision of grade 4, 5, and 6 teachers to implement tobacco prevention education: a mixed methods study

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Bell, Chrysta
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Health Sciences
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Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Health Sciences
Tobacco use continues to be the leading cause of premature disease and death in Canada. Prevention of tobacco use in youth is a key component of any comprehensive tobacco reduction strategy. The purpose of this study is to understand why some elementary school teachers in Alberta choose to deliver an optional tobacco prevention program in their classroom, while others do not. Using an explanatory sequential mixed method design this study examines the role of self-efficacy as a decision-making factor for grades 4, 5, and 6 teachers to implement a tobacco prevention intervention. Feeling confident in delivering the program played a statistically significant role in the teachers implementing the intervention or not, indicating a strong relationship. The perceived value of tobacco use prevention seemed to increase with grade level, with grade six teachers indicating a need to prepare students for future grades when they were at higher likelihood to experience experimentation.
Tobacco use -- Prevention -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Alberta , Children -- Tobacco use -- Prevention -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Alberta , optional curriculum implementation , elementary school teachers , tobacco prevention education , school-based interventions , teacher self-efficacy , elementary students , Academy for Tobacco Prevention program , Youth -- Tobacco use -- Prevention -- Study and teaching (Elementary) -- Alberta , Dissertations, Academic