Aspects of quantum gravity theory and phenomenology
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, 2014
Quantum gravity deals with the formulation of a physical theory consistent with both quantum and gravitational principles. The formulation is based on two main methods of quantisation, the canonical and the covariant one. In the first part of the thesis, the main problems of each method of quantisation are stated. In particular, the problem of time is analysed in the canonical quantisation framework and the conformal sickness problem of the Euclidean quantum gravity is studied with covariant methods. Quantum gravity phenomenology is studied through two models. The first one is a cosmological model obtained by reduced phase space quantisation. Implications for the early era of the universe as well as how phantom fields might arise are studied. The second one deals with the calculation of the response function of a detector in the presence of Dirac fields in a 2+1 dimensional spacetime. The spectrum detected is expected to invoke the apparent inversion of statistics of a quantum field. This calculation might have potential indications for the actual detection of thermal radiation in a graphene sheet.
Quantum gravity theory , Canonical quantisation , Quantum gravity phenomenology