The impact of tuition-free policies on schooling and child labour incidence in Ghana

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Bonsu, Ophelia
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
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Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Economics
Globally, most countries drew closer to the United Nation’s Millennium Development Goal 2 (i.e., achieve universal primary education by 2015). The approach most Sub-Saharan African countries used was to abolish tuitions at the primary school level. Various literature has shown a significant negative correlation between schooling and child labour. Therefore, this study sought to find out if the tuition-free basic education policy in Ghana served to promote schooling and discourage child labour. GLSS 3 and GLSS 4 are the datasets used. The bivariate probit model, the likelihood ratio test and the difference-in-difference estimation method are the techniques used. After the tuition-free policy, the probability that the child would only go to school decreased, the probability that they would only work increased, but the probability that they would do both increased. Hence, some children work and do not go to school in Ghana for reasons unrelated to tuition-cost.
Dissertations, Academic , Child labor -- Ghana , Education -- Costs , Education -- Ghana , Education, Elementary -- Ghana -- Costs , Education, Primary -- Ghana -- Costs , Tuition -- Ghana