Adults’ perceptions of words for exercise goals

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Wall, Hayley Robyn
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
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Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Kinesiology and Physical Education
The purpose of this research was to explore which exercise goal words adults’ perceived to be intrinsic and/or extrinsic, how these perceptions differed from those of SDT experts and whether goal orientation and gender played a role in these classifications. A cross-sectional, online survey was presented to SDT experts (n = 13) and general population participants (nmen = 123, nwomen = 188). Chi-Square tests were used to explore differences in perception of 118 words by expertise (general/expert), gender, and goal orientation. Within the general population, 46 words were perceived as intrinsic and 25 as extrinsic. Additionally, experts and general population participants differed significantly on 55% of words, men and women on 21% and differing goal orientations on 7%. Findings identified 71words that most participants perceived as intrinsic/extrinsic, therefore researchers can feel confident using. These findings also highlight 55 words that the general population’s perception contrasted theory and researcher’s perceptions.
Self-Determination Theory , exercise goal perception , exercise psychology , Goals (Psychology) , Exercise , Autonomy (Psychology) , Exercise--Psychological aspects , Perception , Connotation (Linguistics) , Health promotion--Terminology--Psychological aspects , Dissertations, Academic