When males have females on their backs: male's tolerance, solicitation, and use of female-male mounting in Japanese macaques

dc.contributor.authorGunst, Noëlle
dc.contributor.authorLeca, Jean-Baptiste
dc.contributor.authorVasey, Paul L.
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-30T22:12:46Z
dc.date.available2022-06-30T22:12:46Z
dc.date.issued2022
dc.descriptionAccepted author manuscript. Embargo in effect until May 25, 2023en_US
dc.description.abstractPrevious research on Japanese macaques has shown that female-to-male mounting (FMM) is performed by some females as an exaggerated form of sexual solicitation that may occur in the context of high female competition for male mates. This supernormal courtship behavior functions to prompt subsequent male-to-female mounting. In this report, we focused on the male consort partners’ responses to FMM. We studied a free-ranging population of Japanese macaques at Arashiyama, Japan, in which FMM is frequent and prevalent. We analyzed 240 consortships involving 31 females and 19 males. We tested three hypotheses regarding male’s tolerance, solicitation, and use of FMM. First, we found that FMM was tolerated by male mountees who were no more likely to aggress their female partners during a short time window around a FMM, than they were during the rest of the consortship period. Second, we showed that FMM could be triggered by male recipients, via explicit male-to-female sexual solicitations. Third, we found that some males may utilize FMM in a quest for their own sexual stimulation, which sometimes culminated in masturbation by the male during FMM. Our findings indicate that male partners facilitate the expression of FMM both passively (via their tolerance) and actively (via their solicitation). In addition, FMM appears to enhance the sexual arousal of male partners during consortships. We argued that, for females to have expanded their repertoire of sexual solicitations by adopting FMM, male mates must have played a role in the evolutionary origins and maintenance of this non-conceptive, but intense and powerful female mating tactic.en_US
dc.description.peer-reviewYesen_US
dc.identifier.citationGunst, N., Leca, J.-B., & Vasey, P. L. (2022). When males have females on their backs: Male's tolerance, solicitation, and use of female-male mounting in Japanese macaques. American Journal of Primatology. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10133/6257en_US
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10133/6257
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.publisherWileyen_US
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.publisher.facultyArts and Scienceen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Lethbridgeen_US
dc.publisher.urlhttps://doi.org/10.1002/ajp.23395en_US
dc.subjectFemale-male mountingen_US
dc.subjectSexual adaptationen_US
dc.subjectMale arousalen_US
dc.subjectMasturbationen_US
dc.subjectMacaca fuscataen_US
dc.subject.lcshJapanese macaque--Behavior
dc.subject.lcshSexual behavior in animals
dc.titleWhen males have females on their backs: male's tolerance, solicitation, and use of female-male mounting in Japanese macaquesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
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