Feminist assemblages : Peruvian feminisms, forced sterilization, and paradox of rights in Fujimori's Peru
Stavig, Lucía Isabel
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
Lethbridge, Alta : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Anthropology
How does it come to pass that the rollout of a women’s rights regime becomes a condition for the violation of women’s rights? This thesis begins with the rollout of the PNSRPF 1996-2000 (a family planning program), as part of a larger women’s rights campaign in Fujimori’s Peru, and the forced sterilization of upwards of 10,000 campesina women. I examine the historic memory of the Peruvian feminist movement for factors that led to the vulnerabilization of campesinas in a women’s rights campaign. The feminist movement was made up of three assemblages concentrated around reproductive and sexual rights, critical human rights, and civil and political rights. However, only the critical rights paradigms was able to contend with the intersectional identity of campesinas and their inclusive exclusion as citizens. The other two assemblages assumed they were protecting “all women” or “all Peruvians,” leaving campesinas to fall into the lacunae created by the siloization of rights paradigms.
citizenship , feminism , human rights , indigenous studies