Critical Ethnography, Cultural Safety, and International Nursing Research

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Harrowing, Jean N.
Mill, Judy E.
Spiers, Jude
Kulig, Judith Celene
Kipp, Walter
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International Journal of Qualitative Methods
Critical qualitative methodology provides a strategy to examine the human experience and its relationship to power and truth. Cultural safety is a concept that has been applied to nursing education and practice and refers to interactions that acknowledge and respect the unique cultural background of patients. It recognizes power inequities between caregivers who belong to dominant cultures and patients who may belong to oppressed groups. Culture is interpreted from a critical constructivist perspective as a fluid relational process that is enacted contextually. The purpose of this paper is to examine the congruence between and among critical methodology, cultural safety, and the conduct of nursing research in low- and middle-income countries by nurses from high-income countries. It is argued that if cultural safety is important and relevant to education and practice, then it might be appropriate to address it in research endeavors.
critical qualitative methodology , cultural safety , international nursing research
Harrowing, J. N., Mill, J., Spiers, J., Kulig, J., & Kipp, W. (2010). Critical ethnography, cultural safety, and international nursing research. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 9(3), 240-251.