Bilateral aid in Canada's foreign policy : the human rights rhetoric-practice gap

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Kellett, Ken
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Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Political Science, c2013
Successive Canadian federal governments have officially indicated their support of human rights in foreign policy, including as they relate to aid-giving. This thesis quantitatively tests this rhetoric with the actual practice of bilateral aid-giving in two time periods – 1998-2000 and 2007-2009. This, however, revealed that Canada has actually tended to give more bilateral aid to countries with poorer human rights records. A deeper quantitative analysis identifies certain multilateral memberships – notably with the Commonwealth, NATO, and OECD – and the geo-political and domestic considerations of Haiti as significant and confirms a recipient state’s human rights performance is not a consideration. These multilateral relationships reflect state self-interests, historical connections, security, and a normative commitment to poverty reduction. It is these factors that those promoting a human rights agenda need to contemplate if recipient state performance is to become relevant in bilateral aid decisions. Thus, it is necessary to turn to international relations theory, in particular liberal institutionalism, to explain Canada’s bilateral aid-giving in these periods.
vi, 141 leaves ; 29 cm
Human rights -- Developing countries , Economic assistance, Canadian -- Developing countries , Canada -- Foreign relations -- Developing countries , Developing countries -- Foreign relations -- Canada , Dissertations, Academic