Show simple item record Gerrand, S. Aspinall, J. Jensen, T. Hopkinson, Christopher Collingwood, A. Chasmer, Laura 2021-10-21T17:03:41Z 2021-10-21T17:03:41Z 2021
dc.identifier.citation Gerrand, S., Aspinall, J., Jensen, T., Hopkinson, C., Collingwood, A., & Chasmer, L. (2021). Partitioning carbon losses from fire combustion in a montane valley, Alberta Canada. Forest Ecology and Management, 496, Article 119435. en_US
dc.description Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International LIcense (CC BY-NC-NC 4.0) applies en_US
dc.description.abstract Direct carbon (C) emissions from wildland fires have been difficult to quantify, especially in montane environments where sites are difficult to access. Here we examined pre-fire C partitioning and losses in a southern Canadian montane valley ecosystem, in Waterton Lakes National Park, Alberta Canada. The objectives of this study were to: (a) quantify the C loss due to combustion at a moist riparian site compared with a dry undulating upland site and (b) compare C loss observations to an active multi-spectral lidar remote sensing index. C losses from wildfire were consistently greater at the wet riparian site compared with the dry valley site. Average soil C losses were 92.92 Mg C ha −1 (st. dev. ± 48.60 Mg C ha −1) and 58.05 Mg C ha −1 (st. dev. ± 37.19 Mg C ha −1). Average tree C losses were 114.0 Mg C ha −1 ( ± 9.9 Mg C ha −1) and 86.9 Mg C ha −1 ( ± 13.5 Mg C ha −1) respectively. C losses from trees were greater than soils, where trees lost 55% (moist riparian ecosystem) and about 60% (drier valley site) of C during combustion. Using post-fire multi-spectral airborne lidar data, we found that increased proportion of charred soils were significantly related to enhanced reflectivity in SWIR, resulted in more negative active normalised burn ratio (aNBR) results, indicating enhanced burn severity. Increased proportional cover of regenerating vegetation resulted in less negative aNBR both at the drier site, though no significant relationships between aNBR and charred vs. vegetated results were observed at the moist riparian site. No significant relationship was observed between depth of burn/soil C loss and aNBR derived from lidar data, indicating potential limitations when using burn indices for below canopy burn severity. The use of multi-spectral lidar may improve understanding of below canopy fire fuels and C losses in optical imagery, which often occludes these important components of fire ecology. The results of this research improve understanding of C losses associated with wildland fire in montane ecosystems that have undergone fire suppression and management by Euro-American colonizers for over 100 years. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Soil carbon en_US
dc.subject Multi-spectral lidar en_US
dc.subject Fire severity en_US
dc.subject Carbon stocks en_US
dc.subject Montane ecosystems
dc.subject.lcsh Waterton Lakes National Park (Alta.)
dc.subject.lcsh Remote sensing
dc.subject.lcsh Biomass
dc.subject.lcsh Wildfires--Alberta--Waterton Lakes National Park
dc.subject.lcsh Fire ecology--Alberta
dc.subject.lcsh Soils--Effect of fires on--Alberta
dc.title Partitioning carbon losses from fire combustion in a montane valley, Alberta Canada en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science en_US
dc.publisher.department Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US
dc.publisher.institution Down to Earth Labs en_US
dc.publisher.institution Parks Canada en_US
dc.publisher.url en_US

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