Eukaryotic initiation factor 5B (eIF5B) regulates temozolomide-mediated apoptosis in brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs)

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Ross, Joseph A.
Ahn, Bo Young
King, Jennifer
Bressler, Kamiko R.
Senger, Donna L.
Thakor, Nehal
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Canadian Science Publishing
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is among the deadliest cancers, owing in part to complex inter- and intra-tumor heterogeneity and the presence of a population of stem-like cells called brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs/BTICs). These cancer stem cells survive treatment and confer resistance to the current therapies—namely, radiation and the chemotherapeutic, temozolomide (TMZ). TMZ induces cell death by alkylating DNA, and BTSCs resist this mechanism via a robust DNA damage response. Hence, recent studies aimed to sensitize BTSCs to TMZ using combination therapy, such as inhibition of DNA repair machinery. We have previously demonstrated in established GBM cell lines that eukaryotic initiation factor 5B (eIF5B) promotes the translation of pro-survival and anti-apoptotic proteins. Consequently, silencing eIF5B sensitizes these cells to TRAIL-induced apoptosis. However, established cell lines do not always recapitulate the features of human glioma. Therefore, we investigated this mechanism in patient-derived BTSCs. We show that silencing eIF5B leads to increased TMZ sensitivity in two BTSC lines, BT25 and BT48. Depletion of eIF5B decreases levels of anti-apoptotic proteins in BT48 and sensitizes these cells to TMZ-induced activation of caspase-3, cleavage of PARP, and apoptosis. We suggest that eIF5B represents a rational target to sensitize GBM tumors to the current standard-of-care.
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Eukaryotic initiation factor 5B (eIF5B) , Brain tumor stem cells (BTSCs) , Apoptosis , Temozolomide (TMZ) , Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM)
Ross, J. A., Ahn, B. Y., King, J., Bressler, K. R., Senger, D. L., & Thakor, N.(2019). Eukaryotic initiation factor 5B (eIF5B) regulates temozolomide-mediated apoptosis in brain tumor stem cells (BTSC)s. Biochemistry and Cell Biology, 98(6), 647-652.