Hydrogen bonds stabilize chloroselenite anions: crystal structure of a new salt and donor-accepting bonding to SeO2

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Boeré, René T.
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The single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure characterizing a new 4-methylbenzamidinium salt of chloroselenite [C8H11N2][ClSeO2] is reported. This is only the second crystal structure report on a ClSeO2− salt. The structure contains an extended planar hydrogen bond net, including a double interaction with both O atoms of the anion (an 𝑅22(8) ring in Etter notation). The anion has the shortest Se–Cl distances on record for any chloroselenite ion, 2.3202(9) Å. However, the two Se–O distances are distinct at 1.629(2) and 1.645(2) Å, attributed to weak anion–anion bridging involving the oxygen with the longer bond. DFT computations at the RB3PW91-D3/aug-CC-pVTZ level of theory reproduce the short Se–Cl distance in a gas-phase optimized ion pair, but free optimization of ClSeO2− leads to an elongation of this bond. A good match to a known value for [Me4N][ClSeO2] is found, which fits to the Raman spectroscopic evidence for this long-known salt and to data measured on solutions of the anion in CH3CN. The assignment of the experimental Raman spectrum was corrected by means of the DFT-computed vibrational spectrum, confirming the strong mixing of the symmetry coordinate of the Se–Cl stretch with both ν2 and ν4 modes.
Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license (CC BY 4.0 DEED) applies
Halochalcogenite(IV) ion , Crystallography , H-bonding , Chalcogen bonding , π-holes , DFT-computed vibrational spectra
Boeré, R. T. (2023). Hydrogen bonds stabilize chloroselenite anions: Crystal structure of a new salt and donor-acceptor bonding to SeO2. Molecules, 28(22), 7489. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules28227489