Population genetic isolation and limited connectivity in the purple finch (Haemorhous purpureus)
Macfarlane, Colin B. A.
Brown, Mike W.
Using a combination of mitochondrial and z- linked sequences, microsatellite data, and spatio- geographic modeling, we examined historical and contemporary factors influencing the population genetic structure of the purple finch (Haemorhous purpureus). Mitochondrial DNA data show the presence of two distinct groups corresponding to the two subspecies, H. p. purpureus and H. p. californicus. The two subspecies likely survived in separate refugia during the last glacial maximum, one on the Pacific Coast and one east of the Rocky Mountains, and now remain distinct lineages with little evidence of gene flow between them. Southwestern British Columbia is a notable exception, as subspecies mixing between central British Columbia and Vancouver Island populations suggests a possible contact zone in this region. Z- linked data support two mitochondrial groups; however, Coastal Oregon and central British Columbia sites show evidence of mixing. Contemporary population structure based on microsatellite data identified at least six genetic clusters: three H. p. purpureus clusters, two H. p. californicus clusters, and one mixed cluster, which likely resulted from high site fidelity and isolation by distance, combined with sexual selection on morphological characters reinforcing subspecies differences.
Sherpa Romeo green journal. Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported License (CC BY 3.0) applies
Barriers , Phylogeography , Pleistocene , Population isolation , Refugia , Purple finch , Haemorhous purpureus
Macfarlane, C. B. A., Natola, L., Brown, M. B., & Burg, T. M. (2016). Population genetic isolation and limited connectivity in the purple finch (Haemorhous Purpureus). Ecology and Evolution 6, 8304-8317. doi: 10.1002/ece3.2524