From computers to cultivation: reconceptualizing evolutionary psychology

dc.contributor.authorBarrett, Louise
dc.contributor.authorPollet, Thomas V.
dc.contributor.authorStulp, Gert
dc.descriptionSherpa Romeo green journal. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).en_US
dc.description.abstractDoes evolutionary theorizing have a role in psychology?This is a more contentious issue than one might imagine, given that, as evolved creatures, the answer must surely be yes. The contested nature of evolutionary psychology lies not in our status as evolved beings, but in the extent to which evolutionary ideas add value to studies of human behavior, and the rigor with which these ideas are tested. This, in turn, is linked to the framework in which particular evolutionary ideas are situated. While the framing of the currentresearchtopicplacesthebrain-as-computermetaphorinoppositiontoevolutionary psychology, the most prominent school of thought in this field (born out of cognitive psychology, and often known as the Santa Barbara school) is entirely wedded to the computational theory of mind as an explanatory framework. Its unique aspect is to argue that the mind consists of a large number of functionally specialized (i.e., domain-specific) computational mechanisms, or modules (the massive modularity hypothesis). Far from offering an alternative to, or an improvement on, the current perspective, we argue that evolutionary psychology is a mainstream computational theory, and that its arguments for domain-specificityoftenrestonshakypremises.Wethengoontosuggestthatthevarious forms of e-cognition (i.e., embodied, embedded, enactive) represent a true alternative to standard computational approaches, with an emphasis on “cognitive integration” or the “extended mind hypothesis” in particular.We feel this offers the most promise for human psychology because it incorporates the social and historical processes that are crucial to human “mind-making” within an evolutionarily informed framework. In addition to linking to other research areas in psychology, this approach is more likely to form productive links tootherdisciplineswithinthesocialsciences, notleastbyencouragingahealthypluralism in approach.en_US
dc.identifier.citationBarrett, L., Pollet, T. V., & Stulp, G. (2014). From computers to cultivation: Reconceptualizing evolutionary psychology. Frontiers in Psychology, 5, 867. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00867en_US
dc.publisherFrontiers Mediaen_US
dc.publisher.departmentDepartment of Psychologyen_US
dc.publisher.facultyArts and Scienceen_US
dc.publisher.institutionUniversity of Lethbridgeen_US
dc.publisher.institutionVU University Amsterdamen_US
dc.publisher.institutionLondon School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicineen_US
dc.subjectEvolutionary psychologyen_US
dc.subjectCognitive integrationen_US
dc.subjectExtended minden_US
dc.titleFrom computers to cultivation: reconceptualizing evolutionary psychologyen_US
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