Show simple item record Williams-Whitt, Kelly White, M. I. Wagner, S. L. Schultz, I. Z. Koehn, C. Dionne, C. E. Koehoorn, M. Harder, H. Pasca, R. Wärje, O. Hsu, V. McGuire, L. Schulz, W. Kube, D. Hook, A. Wright, M. D. 2020-02-20T21:55:28Z 2020-02-20T21:55:28Z 2015
dc.identifier.citation Williams-Whitt, K., White, M. I., Wagner, S. L., Schultz, I. Z., Koehn, C., Dionne, C. E., ... Wright, M. D. (2015). Job demand and control interventions: A stakeholder-centered best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviews on workplace disability. International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 6(2), 61-78. doi: 10.15171/ijoem.2015.553 en_US
dc.description Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC 4.0) applies en_US
dc.description.abstract Background: Physical and psychological job demands in combination with the degree of control a worker has over task completion, play an important role in reducing stress. Occupational stress is an important, modifiable factor affecting work disability. However, the effectiveness of reducing job demands or increasing job control remains unclear, particularly for outcomes of interest to employers, such as absenteeism or productivity. Objective: This systematic review reports on job demand and control interventions that impact absenteeism, productivity and financial outcomes. Methods: A stakeholder-centered best-evidence synthesis was conducted with researcher and stakeholder collaboration throughout. Databases and grey literature were searched for systematic reviews between 2000 and 2012: Medline, EMBASE, the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, DARE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, TRIP,, Rehab+, National Rehabilitation Information Center (NARIC), and Institute for Work and Health. Articles were assessed independently by two researchers for inclusion criteria and methodological quality. Differences were resolved through consensus. Results: The search resulted in 3363 unique titles. After review of abstracts, 115 articles were retained for full-text review. 11 articles finally met the inclusion criteria and are summarized in this synthesis. The best level of evidence we found indicates that multimodal job demand reductions for either at-work or off-work workers will reduce disability-related absenteeism. Conclusion: In general, the impacts of interventions that aim to reduce job demands or increase job control can be positive for the organization in terms of reducing absenteeism, increasing productivity and cost-effectiveness. However, more high quality research is needed to further assess the relationships and quantify effect sizes for the interventions and outcomes reviewed in this study. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher National Iranian Oil Company (N I O C) Polyclinics en_US
dc.subject Job demands en_US
dc.subject Job control en_US
dc.subject Workplace en_US
dc.subject Efficiency en_US
dc.subject Organizational en_US
dc.subject Work disability
dc.subject Occupational stress
dc.subject Disability related absenteeism
dc.subject Job productivity
dc.subject.lcsh Job stress
dc.subject.lcsh Absenteeism (Labor)
dc.subject.lcsh Labor productivity
dc.subject.lcsh Work environment
dc.title Job demand and control interventions: a stakeholder-centered best-evidence synthesis of systematic reviews on workplace disability en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Management en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US
dc.publisher.institution Canadian Institute for the Relief of Pain and Disability en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of British Columbia en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Northern British Columbia en_US
dc.publisher.institution Université Laval en_US
dc.publisher.institution BC Construction Safety Alliance en_US
dc.publisher.institution FIOSA-MIOSA Safety Alliance of BC en_US
dc.publisher.institution Stantec Consulting en_US
dc.publisher.institution Health Employers Association of British Columbia en_US
dc.publisher.institution Apex Information en_US

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