Cross-cultural invariant aspects of male androphilia in the Istmo Zapotec
Gómez Jiménez, Francisco R.
University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science
Lethbridge, Alta : University of Lethbridge, Dept. of Psychology
Across cultures, male androphilia (i.e., sexual attraction towards adult males) predominantly occurs in two forms—cisgender and transgender. Despite significant differences in gender role presentation, cross-cultural research demonstrates that both forms share multiple psychodevelopmental and biodemographic correlates. However, this research has been mostly conducted using the cisgender form in Western cultures, whereas research on the transgender form, which is more common in many non-Western cultures, remains scarce. The studies within this thesis present new empirical research on male androphilia among the Istmo Zapotec—a non-Western culture found in southern Mexico where cisgender and transgender androphilic males are recognized as members of a third gender category locally known as muxes. The studies found that both cisgender and transgender muxes share similar psychodevelopmental (i.e., childhood separation anxiety) and biodemographic (i.e., familial clustering of male androphilia) correlates, thus providing further evidence to suggest that both forms of male androphilia share similar bio-developmental foundations.
cisgender , Istmo Zapotec , male androphilia , muxes , third gender , transgender