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dc.contributor.author O'Neill, Linda
dc.contributor.author George, Serena
dc.contributor.author Koehn, Corinne
dc.contributor.author Shepard, Blythe
dc.date.accessioned 2015-04-22T21:37:09Z
dc.date.available 2015-04-22T21:37:09Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation O'Neill, L., George, S., Koehn, C., & Shepard, B. (2013). Informal and formal mental health: preliminary qualitative findings. International Journal of Circumpolar Health, 72, 1-7. doi: 10.3402/ijch.v72i0.21203 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10133/3659
dc.description Sherpa Romeo green journal en_US
dc.description.abstract Background. Northern-based research on mental health support, no matter the specific profession, helps to inform instruction of new practitioners and practitioners already working in rural or isolated conditions. Understanding the complexities of northern mental health support not only benefits clients and practitioners living in the North, but also helps prepare psychologists and counsellors preparing to work in other countries with large rural and isolated populations. The qualitative phase is part of a multi-year research study on informal and formal mental health support in northern Canada involving the use of qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis methods. Objective. The main objective of the qualitative phase interviews was to document in-depth the situation of formal and informal helpers in providing mental health support in isolated northern communities in northern British Columbia, northern Alberta, Yukon and Northwest Territories (NWT). The intent of in-depth interviews was to collect descriptive information on the unique working conditions of northern helping practitioners for the development of a survey and subsequent community action plans for helping practitioner support. Design. Twenty participants in northern BC, Yukon and NWT participated in narrative interviews. Consensual qualitative research (CQR) was used in the analysis completed by 7 researchers. The principal researcher and research associate then worked through all 7 analyses, defining common categories and themes, and using selections from each researcher in order to ensure that everyone’s analysis was represented in the final consensual summary. Results. The preliminary results include 7 main categories consisting of various themes. Defining elements of northern practice included the need for generalist knowledge and cultural sensitivity. The task of working with and negotiating membership in community was identified as essential for northern mental health support. The need for revised codes of ethics relevant to the reality of northern work was a major category, as was insight on how to best sustain northern practice. Conclusion. Many of the practitioners who participated in this study have found ways to overcome the biggest challenges of northern practice, yet the limitations of small populations and lack of resources in small communities to adequately address mental health support were identified as existing. Empowering communities by building community capacity to educate, supervise and support formal and informal mental health workers may be the best approach to overcoming the lack of external resources. en_US
dc.language.iso en_CA en_US
dc.publisher Co-Action Publishing en_US
dc.subject Northern en_US
dc.subject Mental health en_US
dc.subject Formal practitioners en_US
dc.subject Informal practitioners en_US
dc.subject Qualitative research en_US
dc.subject Northern practice en_US
dc.subject Mental health services -- Canada, Northern en_US
dc.subject Rural mental health services -- Canada, Northern en_US
dc.title Informal and formal mental health: preliminary qualitative findings en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Education en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Northern British Columbia en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US


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