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dc.contributor.author Dew, William A
dc.contributor.author Pyle, Gregory
dc.date.accessioned 2014-06-10T20:41:32Z
dc.date.available 2014-06-10T20:41:32Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.citation Dew, W.A. and G.G. Pyle. 2014. Smelling salt: calcium as an odourant for fathead minnows. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part A, 169: 1-6. en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10133/3452
dc.description Sherpa Romeo green journal en_US
dc.description.abstract Calcium plays an essential role in olfactory sensory neuron function. Studies with fish have indicated that in addition to being involved in olfactory signalling, calcium is itself an odourant. In this study we used fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas) and employed two different techniques; electro-olfactography (EOG), a neurophysiological technique that measures olfactory acuity at the olfactory epithelium, and a behavioural choice assay using a trough maze. The results demonstrate that calcium and a known odourant L-arginine are cross-adaptive, that calcium induces an EOG response in a concentration-dependent manner, and that calcium induces a strong avoidance behaviour. The behavioural avoidance was also demonstrated to be olfactorydependent. Taken together, the results demonstrate that calcium is a potent odourant for fathead minnows. Being able to smell calcium may represent an ability to sense and avoid areas with significant changes in ionic strength, thereby avoiding physiological stress. en_US
dc.language.iso en_CA en_US
dc.publisher Elsevier en_US
dc.subject Calcium en_US
dc.subject Olfaction en_US
dc.subject Electro-olfactography en_US
dc.subject Behaviour en_US
dc.subject Cross-adaptation en_US
dc.subject Fathead minnows en_US
dc.title Smelling salt: calcium as an odourant for fathead minnows en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science en_US
dc.publisher.department Department of Biology en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution Lakehead University en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US


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