- ItemThe role of individual differences and leader member exchange in the stressor-emotion model of counterproductive workplace behavior(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Management, c2010, 2010) Newton, Chad; Perlow, Richard[no abstract available]
- ItemExploring changes in management compensation structure in Canada : evidence on the consequences of section 3870(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Management, c2010, 2010) Geremia, Karrie; Carnaghan, Carla; Nelson, ToniExisting research findings are mixed on whether increased executive stock option (ESO) use is due to favorable accounting treatment enabling earnings management (EM) and opportunism, or to efforts to improve pay for performance. I investigate executive compensation changes in 215 Canadian companies for the years surrounding the amendment to Handbook Section 3870, which requires expensing of ESOs. I find that while ESO use was reduced, ESOs still dominate share-based compensation. Of the opportunism and EM antecedents examined, only political visibility is significant. The substitution rate of RSUs for ESOs is more equal post-amendment, in keeping with firms being more willing to use RSUs once ESOs had to be expensed. However, the pay for performance relationship has not improved post-amendment, even for firms who most reduced ESO use. My results overall provide little support for opportunism or EM being a key driver of increased ESO use prior to the amendment.
- ItemPhysician burnout : a "meta-o-scopic" analysis(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Management, c2009, 2009) Mauthe, Amanda J.; Boudreau, Robert A.This study investigates the contradictions that exist within the physician burnout literature. Through the use of meta-analysis, physician burnout and its relationships to gender, medical specialty, age, illness, and satisfaction were analyzed. The results indicate that female physicians are more emotionally exhausted than male physicians and depersonalization is higher among male than female physicians. General practitioners report higher levels of emotional exhaustion than any other medical specialty. A low to moderate negative correlation exists between physician age and burnout, a moderate to substantial positive correlation exists between burnout and physician illness, and a moderate to substantial negative correlation exists between burnout and physician satisfaction. The results of this project heighten our awareness of the risks associated with being a physician, as well as extend a call to action so that effective and preventative measures can be implemented.
- ItemSexual appeals in social marketing : the influence of feminism and sexual attitude(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Management, c2008, 2008) Aspen, Cathy J.; Basil, Michael D.; Deshpande, SameerThis study examined how females react to the use of sexual appeals in a social marketing context. Sexual appeal was operationalized as the use of female models who are suggestively dressed. Outcome variables, offensiveness, attitude towards the ad and behaviour intention were tested. Feminism and sexual attitude were included as moderators. Three phases were conducted: pretest, short interviews and main study. The pretest and main study used a within study experimental design. Two hundred and nineteen women participated in the main study. It was discovered that overall individuals are offended by the use of suggestiveness, have a lower attitude towards the ad and are less inclined to perform the proposed behaviour. Feminism had no influence on an individual’s reaction while sexual attitude only influenced offensiveness. This study has implications for social marketers who currently use sexual appeals to promote their behaviour as sexual appeals could results in a negative effect.
- ItemPartnerships between nonprofit organizations and businesses : legitimacy for sale, but at what cost?(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Management, c2008, 2008) McKenzie, Gail; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Management; Runté, Mary; Usher, JohnThis study explores partnerships between nonprofit organizations (NPOs) and businesses. In particular, it focuses on the motivations of the NPOs in such partnerships as they relate to the legitimacy concerns of organizations when viewed through the lens of neoinstitutional theory. The data were collected via semi-structured phone interviews with managers of nonprofit organizations from the United States. The transcripts were analyzed iteratively using a thematic analysis. Results indicate that NPOs may be trying to recapture eroded moral legitimacy with the public through partnerships with businesses. However their bargain to seek gains in their pragmatic legitimacy with their business partner by increasing the business’ social legitimacy appears to be potentially at the expense of losing cognitive legitimacy with their clients.