Show simple item record

dc.contributor.supervisor Li, Fangfang
dc.contributor.author Shi, Yanjun
dc.date.accessioned 2018-10-29T19:06:41Z
dc.date.available 2018-10-29T19:06:41Z
dc.date.issued 2014
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10133/5219
dc.description 53 p. en_US
dc.description.abstract The goal of the present study is to examine the developmental trajectory of the gender-differentiated /ɕ/ production in Mandarin Chinese in terms of the relative contribution from anatomical development, prenatal hormonal effect, and gender typed behavior. The development of gendered /ɕ/ production has been an uncharted area of research. Mandarin-speaking participants were recruited from Grade 1(age 7), Grade 6 (age 12), and Grade 10 (age 16) from schools in Luoyang, a city in central China. The participants spoke standard Mandarin and had no known speech, language, or hearing deficiency. They were asked to read a list of 36 Mandarin words with 18 target words beginning with fricatives /ɕ/ or /s/ followed by vowels /a/, /i/, or /u/. All the fricatives were extracted from the recorded speech and their spectral mean frequencies were obtained. The spectral mean frequency was used as an acoustic indicator for gender variation of the fricative production. Anatomical development was measured through height, weight, and head circumference. Prenatal hormonal variation was assessed by the 2D: 4D ratio of the right hand. Gender typed behavior was assessed via a parent-report Child Play Behavior and Activity Questionnaire (CPBAQ). The result showed that only the sound /ɕ/ exhibited gender-differentiated production. Gender difference of /ɕ/ was found to emerge between age 7 and age 12. Significant correlation existed only between gender typed behavior and gendered /ɕ/ production for 16-year old boys(r=0.40, p=0.01). No anatomical or prenatal hormonal effect was found for gender variation of /ɕ/ production. The emergence of gendered /ɕ/ production was interpreted to be associated with the beginning of sexual maturation at the onset of puberty and gender identity development that excels at adolescence. The development of gendered /ɕ/ production was considered to parallel gender identity development at first and later become part of the gender norms for boys in mid-or late-adolescence. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher University of Lethbridge en_US
dc.subject Gendered speech en_US
dc.subject Mandarin Chinese en_US
dc.subject Fricatives en_US
dc.title The development of gender-differentiated /ɕ/ production in Mandarin speaking children en_US
dc.type Honours Thesis en_US


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record