OPUS: Open Ulethbridge Scholarship

Open ULeth Scholarship (OPUS) is the University of Lethbridge's open access research repository. It contains a collection of materials related to research and teaching produced by the academic community.

Self-archiving your research in OPUS is one way to meet Open Access policies of granting agencies. It is important to retain your final, post-peer-reviewed drafts for submission to OPUS, as this is often the only version publishers will allow to be archived. Click here for information on the U of L Open Access Policy.

Check here for more information about OPUS.

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Recent Submissions

An exploration of family achievement guilt among Canadian university students
(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Education, 2023) Sanghera, Harleen; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Education; Gunn, Thelma; Dixon, Sandra
As an understudied topic with no peer-reviewed Canadian literature, family achievement guilt is the socioemotional experience related to having educational opportunities not afforded to one’s family members. In this study, 852 university students completed an online questionnaire that measured students’ family achievement guilt, maladaptive outcomes, empathic concern, and cultural congruence. First-generation students and racialized students were found to have higher levels of family achievement guilt compared to continuing-generation students and White students, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that family achievement guilt had a positive association with depression, anxiety, stress, and empathic concern. Moreover, a negative correlation was found between family achievement guilt and cultural congruence. Using thematic analysis, seven themes were created to capture the qualitative data from the short answer question. Overall, the emerging area of family achievement guilt research calls for the attention of researchers, post-secondary institutions, and mental health professionals to better support a diverse student body.
An examination of work-related stress and resilience in Canadian teachers
(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Education, 2023) Edge-Partington, Moriah; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Education; Gunn, Thelma
Teachers are susceptible to work-related stress, including burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and vicarious trauma. Yet, little is known about how resilience may serve as a protective factor and the prevalence of work-related stress in teachers. The aim of the current study was to examine work-related stress and resilience among K-12 Canadian teachers. Participants (N = 313) completed an online survey assessing work-related stress and resilience. Moderate to high work-related stress and significant associations with resilience were found among teachers. Significant differences were also found for teachers with low, intermediate, and high resilience. Furthermore, resilience significantly predicted lower work-related stress. These findings suggest resilience may serve as a protective factor. Analysis of short-answer responses highlight the challenges teachers are facing, and coping mechanisms for managing burnout and stress. These findings demonstrate a need for individual and systemic supports to help reduce vulnerability to work-related stress and promote resiliency in teachers.
The relationship between cost of equity and ESG: the effect of COVID-19
(Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Dhillon School of Business, 2024) Fan, Ruijie; University of Lethbridge. Dhillon School of Business; Tian, Gloria; Asem, Ebenezer
Several prior studies report that environmental, social, and governance (ESG) initiatives temper the cost of equity. More recent studies show that COVID-19 increased the cost of equity. It is unclear whether the ESG mitigated the higher cost of capital during the COVID period. I focus on studying this using ESG and basic financial data for the period ranging from 2015 to 2022 based on U.S. and Canadian firms listed on NYSE, AMEX, and NASDAQ. The results show that the increase in the cost of equity during the COVID period concentrates less on firms with high ESG performance scores, suggesting ESG mitigated the increase in the cost of equity. This is consistent with the insurance-like effect of ESG on the cost of capital, cushioning the increase in the cost of capital during uncertain periods. In addition, my study reveals that the amplified ESG benefit in cost of equity reduction can be moderated by levels of industrial GDP growth and the stringency of the COVID-19 government policy.
Telling more than you should: narrative, narratology, and character narration
(National Council of Teachers of English, 2022) LeBlanc, Robert
Hydrogen bonds stabilize chloroselenite anions: crystal structure of a new salt and donor-accepting bonding to SeO2
(MDPI, 2023) Boeré, René T.
The single-crystal X-ray diffraction structure characterizing a new 4-methylbenzamidinium salt of chloroselenite [C8H11N2][ClSeO2] is reported. This is only the second crystal structure report on a ClSeO2− salt. The structure contains an extended planar hydrogen bond net, including a double interaction with both O atoms of the anion (an 𝑅22(8) ring in Etter notation). The anion has the shortest Se–Cl distances on record for any chloroselenite ion, 2.3202(9) Å. However, the two Se–O distances are distinct at 1.629(2) and 1.645(2) Å, attributed to weak anion–anion bridging involving the oxygen with the longer bond. DFT computations at the RB3PW91-D3/aug-CC-pVTZ level of theory reproduce the short Se–Cl distance in a gas-phase optimized ion pair, but free optimization of ClSeO2− leads to an elongation of this bond. A good match to a known value for [Me4N][ClSeO2] is found, which fits to the Raman spectroscopic evidence for this long-known salt and to data measured on solutions of the anion in CH3CN. The assignment of the experimental Raman spectrum was corrected by means of the DFT-computed vibrational spectrum, confirming the strong mixing of the symmetry coordinate of the Se–Cl stretch with both ν2 and ν4 modes.