Show simple item record Mahaney, William C. Allen, Christopher C. R. Pentlavalli, Prasanna Kulakova, Anna Young, Jonathan M. Dirszowsky, Randy W. West, Allen Kelleher, Brian Jordan, Sean Pulleyblank, C. O'Reilly, Shane Murphy, B. T. Lasberg, Katrin Somelar, Peeter Garneau, Michelle Finkelstein, S. A. Sobol, M. K. Kalm, Volli Costa, Pedro J. M. Hancock, Ronald G. V. Hart, Kris M. Tricart, Pierre Barendregt, René W. Bunch, Ted E. Milner, Michael W. 2021-11-24T19:49:06Z 2021-11-24T19:49:06Z 2017
dc.identifier.citation Mahaney, W. C., Allen, C. C. R., Pentlavalli, P., Kulakova, A., Young, J. M., Dirszowsky, R. W., West, A., Kelleher, B., Jordan, S., Pulleyblank, C., O'Reilly, S., Murphy, B. T., Lasberg, K., Somelar, P., Garneau, M., Finkelstein, S. A., Sobol, M. K., Kalm, V., Costa, P. J. M.,...Milner, M. W. (2017). Biostratigraphic evidence relating to the age-old question of Hannibal's invasion of Italy, II: Chemical biomarkers and microbial signatures. Archaeometry, 59(1), 179-190. en_US
dc.description Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) applies en_US
dc.description.abstract As discussed in Part I, a large accumulation of mammalian faeces at the mire site in the upper Guil Valley near Mt. Viso, dated to 2168 cal 14C yr., provides the first evidence of the passage of substantial but indeterminate numbers of mammals within the time frame of the Punic invasion of Italia. Specialized organic biomarkers bound up in a highly convoluted and bioturbated bed constitute an unusual anomaly in a histosol comprised of fibric and hemist horizons that are usually expected to display horizontal bedding. The presence of deoxycholic acid and ethylcoprostanol derived from faecal matter, coupled with high relative numbers of Clostridia 16S rRNA genes, suggests a substantial accumulation of mammalian faeces at the site over 2000 years ago. The results reported here constitute the first chemical and biological evidence of the passage of large numbers of mammals, possibly indicating the route of the Hannibalic army at this time. Combined with the geological analysis reported in Part I, these data provide a background supporting the need for further historical archaeological exploration in this area. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.subject Hannibalic War en_US
dc.subject Organic geochemical analysis en_US
dc.subject Microbiological evidence en_US
dc.subject Faecal biomarkers en_US
dc.subject Historical archaeological site identification en_US
dc.subject Archaeological science en_US
dc.subject Alluvial floodplain mire
dc.subject MAD bed
dc.subject Mass animal deposit
dc.subject.lcsh Archaeology and history
dc.subject.lcsh Punic War, 2nd, 218-201 B.C.--Environmental aspects
dc.subject.lcsh Punic War, 2nd, 218-201 B.C.--Campaigns--Italy
dc.subject.lcsh Analytical geochemistry
dc.title Biostratigraphic evidence relating to the age-old question of Hannibal's invasion of Italy, II: chemical biomarkers and microbial signatures en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science en_US
dc.publisher.department Department of Geography en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution York University en_US
dc.publisher.institution Queens University Belfast en_US
dc.publisher.institution Laurentian University en_US
dc.publisher.institution GeoScience Consulting en_US
dc.publisher.institution Dublin City University en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Tartu en_US
dc.publisher.institution Université du Québec et Montréal en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Toronto en_US
dc.publisher.institution Universidade de Lisboa en_US
dc.publisher.institution McMaster University en_US
dc.publisher.institution Queen Mary University of London en_US
dc.publisher.institution Université Joseph Fourier en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US
dc.publisher.institution Northern Arizona University en_US
dc.publisher.institution MWM Consulting en_US
dc.publisher.url en_US

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