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dc.contributor.author Mahaney, William C.
dc.contributor.author Allen, Christopher C. R.
dc.contributor.author Pentlavalli, Prasanna
dc.contributor.author Kulakova, Anna
dc.contributor.author Young, Jonathan M.
dc.contributor.author Dirszowsky, Randy W.
dc.contributor.author West, Allen
dc.contributor.author Kelleher, Brian
dc.contributor.author Jordan, Sean
dc.contributor.author Pulleyblank, C
dc.contributor.author O'Reilly, Shane
dc.contributor.author Murphy, B. T.
dc.contributor.author Lasberg, Katrin
dc.contributor.author Somelar, Peeter
dc.contributor.author Garneau, Michelle
dc.contributor.author Finkelstein, S. A.
dc.contributor.author Sobol, M. K.
dc.contributor.author Kalm, Volli
dc.contributor.author Costa, Pedro J. M.
dc.contributor.author Hancock, Ronald G. V.
dc.contributor.author Hart, Kris M.
dc.contributor.author Tricart, Pierre
dc.contributor.author Barendregt, René W.
dc.contributor.author Bunch, Ted E.
dc.contributor.author Milner, Michael W.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-11-24T18:47:52Z
dc.date.available 2021-11-24T18:47:52Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Mahaney, W. C., Allen, C. C. R., Pentlavalli, P., Kulakova, A., Young, J. M., Dirszowsky, R. W., West, A., Kelleher, B., Jordan, S., Pulleyblank, C., O'Reilly, S., Murphy, B. T., Lasberg, K., Somelar, P., Garneau, M., Finkelstein, S. A., Sobol, M. K., Kalm, V., Costa, P. J. M.,...Milner, M. W. (2017). Biostratigraphic evidence relating to the age-old question of Hannibal's invasion of Italy, I: History and geological reconstruction. Archaeometry, 59(1), 164-178. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12231 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10133/6097
dc.description Open access article. Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY 4.0) applies en_US
dc.description.abstract Controversy over the alpine route that Hannibal of Carthage followed from the Rhône Basin into Italia has raged amongst classicists and ancient historians for over two millennia. The motivation for identifying the route taken by the Punic Army through the Alps lies in its potential for identifying sites of historical archaeological significance and for the resolution of one of history's most enduring quandaries. Here, we present stratigraphic, geochemical and microbiological evidence recovered from an alluvial floodplain mire located below the Col de la Traversette (~3000 m asl—above sea level) on the French/Italian border that potentially identifies the invasion route as the one originally proposed by Sir Gavin de Beer (de Beer 1974). The dated layer is termed the MAD bed (mass animal deposition) based on disrupted bedding, greatly increased organic carbon and key/specialized biological components/compounds, the latter reported in Part II of this paper. We propose that the highly abnormal churned up (bioturbated) bed was contaminated by the passage of Hannibal's animals, possibly thousands, feeding and watering at the site, during the early stage of Hannibal's invasion of Italia (218 bc). en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Wiley en_US
dc.subject Hannibalic War en_US
dc.subject Second Punic War en_US
dc.subject Environmental parameters en_US
dc.subject Invasion route question en_US
dc.subject Hannibal route enigma en_US
dc.subject Alluvial floodplain mire
dc.subject MAD bed
dc.subject Mass animal deposit
dc.subject.lcsh Hannibal, 247 B.C.-182 B.C.
dc.subject.lcsh Punic War, 2nd, 218-201 B.C.--Campaigns--Italy
dc.subject.lcsh Punic War, 2nd, 218-201 B.C.--Environmental aspects
dc.title Biostratigraphic evidence relating to the age-old question of Hannibal's invasion of Italy, I: history and geological reconstruction en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science en_US
dc.publisher.department Department of Geography and Environment en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution York University en_US
dc.publisher.institution Queen's University Belfast en_US
dc.publisher.institution Laurentian University en_US
dc.publisher.institution GeoScience Consulting en_US
dc.publisher.institution Dublin City University en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Tartu en_US
dc.publisher.institution Université du Québec et Montréal en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Toronto en_US
dc.publisher.institution Universidade de Lisboa en_US
dc.publisher.institution McMaster University en_US
dc.publisher.institution Queen Mary University of London en_US
dc.publisher.institution Université Joseph Fourier en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US
dc.publisher.institution Northern Arizona University en_US
dc.publisher.institution MWM Consulting en_US
dc.publisher.url https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12231 en_US


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