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dc.contributor.author Williams, Robert J.
dc.contributor.author Leonard, Carrie A.
dc.contributor.author Belanger, Yale D.
dc.contributor.author Christensen, Darren R.
dc.contributor.author el-Guebaly, Nady
dc.contributor.author Hodgins, David C.
dc.contributor.author McGrath, Daniel S.
dc.contributor.author Nicoll, Fiona
dc.contributor.author Stevens, Rhys M. G.
dc.date.accessioned 2020-11-06T20:31:00Z
dc.date.available 2020-11-06T20:31:00Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.citation Williams, R. J., Leonard, C. A., Belanger, Y. D., Christensen, D. R., el-Guebaly, N., Hodgins, D. C., McGrath, D. S., Nicoll, F., & Stevens, R. M. G. (2021). Gambling and problem gambling in Canada in 2018: Prevalence and changes since 2002. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 66(5), 485-494. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0706743720980080 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10133/5803
dc.description Permission to archive accepted author manuscript. Reuse is restricted to non-commercial and no derivative uses. en_US
dc.description.abstract Objective The purpose of this study was to provide an updated profile of gambling and problem gambling in Canada and to examine how the rates and pattern of participation compare to 2002. Method An assessment of gambling and problem gambling was included in the 2018 Canadian Community Health Survey and administered to 24,982 individuals aged 15 and older. The present analyses selected for adults (18+). Results A total of 66.2% of people reported engaging in some type of gambling in 2018, primarily lottery and/or raffle tickets, the only type in which the majority of Canadians participate. There are some significant inter-provincial differences, with perhaps the most important one being the higher rate of electronic gambling machine (EGM) participation in Manitoba and Saskatchewan The overall pattern of gambling in 2018 is very similar to 2002, although participation is generally much lower in 2018, particularly for EGMs and bingo. Only 0.6% of the population were identified as problem gamblers in 2018, with an additional 2.7% being at-risk gamblers. There is no significant inter-provincial variation in problem gambling rates. The inter-provincial pattern of problem gambling in 2018 is also very similar to what was found in 2002 with the main difference being a 45% decrease in the overall prevalence of problem gambling. Conclusions Gambling and problem gambling have both decreased in Canada from 2002 to 2018, although the provincial patterns are quite similar between the two time periods. Several mechanisms have likely collectively contributed to these declines. Decreases have also been reported in several other western countries in recent years and have occurred despite the expansion of legal gambling opportunities, suggesting a degree of inoculation or adaptation in the population. en_US
dc.language.iso en_US en_US
dc.publisher Sage en_US
dc.subject Gambling en_US
dc.subject Problem gambling en_US
dc.subject Prevalence en_US
dc.subject Canada en_US
dc.subject Online gambling
dc.subject.lcsh Gambling--Canada--Statistics
dc.subject.lcsh Online gambling--Canada
dc.subject.lcsh Gambling--Research--Canada
dc.title Gambling and problem gambling in Canada in 2018: prevalence and changes since 2002 en_US
dc.type Article en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Health Sciences en_US
dc.publisher.faculty Arts and Science en_US
dc.description.peer-review Yes en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Lethbridge en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Calgary en_US
dc.publisher.institution University of Alberta en_US
dc.publisher.url https://doi.org/10.1177%2F0706743720980080


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