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- Item$14.5-billion per year and counting: Canadian gambling statistics(University of Alberta Libraries, 2021) Stevens, Rhys M. G.Ask any gambler how much money they spend on gambling in a typical year and you’ll almost certainly see a quizzical look appear on their face. Individuals are frequently reluctant to disclose such information and those that do typically find it difficult to recall the specifics of their gambling spending. Gamblers who are willing and able to answer might also need some clarification since the question could be referring to either the cumulative amount of dollars gambled or the net dollar figure gambled after accounting for wins and losses. But what if, instead of asking individual gamblers about their spending, one was attempting to determine gambling spending for the entire country of Canada including provinces and territories… are these figures even available? Are provincial and territorial gambling regulators and operators forthcoming with this information? The short answer is that, yes, it is indeed possible to determine a figure for Canada’s net commercial gambling revenue using available data. In this article, I’ll describe my rationale for documenting available Canadian gambling statistics, methods employed, and challenges encountered. A selection of charts is interspersed throughout to illustrate key gambling statistics using examples from the Canadian Gambling Statistics (1970-2020) online database which was created to house these collected statistics and make them publicly accessible.
- ItemBird's-eye views of Alberta's land boom of the 1910s(Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives, 2020) Stevens, Rhys M. G.
- ItemBuilding a distributed shared print archive of Western Canadian topographic maps(2022) Stevens, Rhys M. G.; O'Hanlon, Grace; Brendle-Moczuk, Daniel; Brigham, Doug; Chatterley, Trish; Kaufhold, Matt; Laliberté, Larry; Peller, Peter; Thornberry, EvanA working group of map librarians from across Western Canada formed in February 2021 from amongst members of the Council of Prairie and Pacific University Libraries (COPPUL). This group's task was to develop processes and procedures for the identification and preservation of print versions of topographic maps of Western Canadian provinces and northern territories published by Canadian federal government agencies. These maps, once identified and inventoried, are to be included within a distributed shared print archive. Inclusion in the archive will ensure that individual print maps remain accessible, opportunities are available for the reallocation of library space, and that maps are preserved for members in a cost-effective way. On October 28, 2021, the COPPUL SPAN Phase 6 Working Group presented an overview of the project and its progress to date at the WAML 2021 Virtual Conference.
- ItemCanada’s Risky Business : a Canadian Guide to Selected Gambling Industry Sources(Emerald, 2004) Stevens, Rhys M. G.; Beristain, MaureenThe rapid expansion of the Canadian gambling industry since 1969 has generated substantial profits for provincial governments and industry operators. As gambling expands its reach and regulatory structures evolve, a growing body of researchers is starting to scrutinize the industry and its socio-economic impacts on Canadians. This article provides background information on Canada's gambling industry and presents an overview of essential information resources.
- ItemCOPPUL digitization initiatives and practices : summary of survey results(2012-06-22) Stevens, Rhys M. G.The purpose of the survey was to: Identify COPPUL libraries involved in digitization-related initiatives; Create an inventory of digitization projects @ COPPUL libraries (including archives); Establish an up-to-date listing of digitization-related contacts at COPPUL libraries; Collect general information about the digitization-related management and operational processes at COPPUL libraries
- ItemThe definition, dimensionalization, and assessment of gambling participation(Canadian Consortium for Gambling Research, 2017) Williams, Robert J.; Volberg, Rachel A.; Stevens, Rhys M. G.; Williams, Lauren A.; Arthur, Jennifer N.[No abstract provided]
- ItemDigging into open data: Canada's open government portals(University of Lethbridge, 2021) Stevens, Rhys M. G.
- ItemDSpace @ the University of Calgary: A digital library of gambling-related publications(Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2006-08) Stevens, Rhys M. G.Over the past several years, the Alberta Gaming Research Institute Library and the University of Calgary Image Centre have collaborated on a project to digitally archive a selection of historical and contemporary gambling-related publications.
- ItemGambling and problem gambling in a sample of university students(Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, 2006-04) Williams, Robert J.; Connolly, Dennis; Wood, Robert T.; Nowatzki, Nadine R.University students from southern Alberta (n = 585) were administered a questionnaire to assess their gambling behaviour. Seventy-two percent reported gambling in the past 6 months, with the most common types being lotteries and instant win tickets (44%) and games of skill against other people (34%). Most students who gambled spent very little time and money doing so (median time spent = 1.5 hrs; median amount of money spent = $0). While gambling is an innocuous activity for most, a significant minority of students are heavy gamblers who experience adverse consequences from it. Seven and one-half percent of students were classified as problem or pathological gamblers, a rate significantly higher than in the general Alberta adult population. The characteristics that best differentiated problem gamblers from non-problem gamblers were more positive attitudes toward gambling, ethnicity (41% of Asian gamblers were problem gamblers), university major (kinesiology, education, management), superior ability to calculate gambling odds, and older age.
- ItemGambling and problem gambling in Canada in 2018: prevalence and changes since 2002(Sage, 2020) Williams, Robert J.; Leonard, Carrie A.; Belanger, Yale D.; Christensen, Darren R.; el-Guebaly, Nady; Hodgins, David C.; McGrath, Daniel S.; Nicoll, Fiona; Stevens, Rhys M. G.Objective The purpose of this study was to provide an updated profile of gambling and problem gambling in Canada and to examine how the rates and pattern of participation compare to 2002. Method An assessment of gambling and problem gambling was included in the 2018 Canadian Community Health Survey and administered to 24,982 individuals aged 15 and older. The present analyses selected for adults (18+). Results A total of 66.2% of people reported engaging in some type of gambling in 2018, primarily lottery and/or raffle tickets, the only type in which the majority of Canadians participate. There are some significant inter-provincial differences, with perhaps the most important one being the higher rate of electronic gambling machine (EGM) participation in Manitoba and Saskatchewan The overall pattern of gambling in 2018 is very similar to 2002, although participation is generally much lower in 2018, particularly for EGMs and bingo. Only 0.6% of the population were identified as problem gamblers in 2018, with an additional 2.7% being at-risk gamblers. There is no significant inter-provincial variation in problem gambling rates. The inter-provincial pattern of problem gambling in 2018 is also very similar to what was found in 2002 with the main difference being a 45% decrease in the overall prevalence of problem gambling. Conclusions Gambling and problem gambling have both decreased in Canada from 2002 to 2018, although the provincial patterns are quite similar between the two time periods. Several mechanisms have likely collectively contributed to these declines. Decreases have also been reported in several other western countries in recent years and have occurred despite the expansion of legal gambling opportunities, suggesting a degree of inoculation or adaptation in the population.
- ItemGambling and problem gambling in North American Aboriginal people(University of Manitoba Press, 2011) Williams, Robert J.; Stevens, Rhys M. G.; Nixon, GaryThe purpose of this paper is to review what is known about gambling and problem gambling among Aboriginal peoples of North America. The focus is primarily on current gambling practices, and on health and social issues rather than economic ones. The first part of this paper provides a brief review of historical aspects of Aboriginal gambling. The second part reviews the current situation with specific reference to the meaning of gambling for Aboriginal people, current patterns of gambling behaviour, and the prevalence and causes of problem gambling within this population.
- ItemHow did Kenow Mountain get its name?(Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives, 2019) Stevens, Rhys M. G.This brief article identifies the federal and provincial organizations in Canada responsible for authorizing official place names (toponyms). Included are suggested resources relevant for locating both official and historical Canadian place names. A search for Kenow Mountain, British Columbia is used to illustrate the challenges encountered when attempting to determine naming origins.
- ItemThe impact of COVID-19 on gambling and gambling disorder: emerging data(Wolters Klower, 2021) Hodgins, David C.; Stevens, Rhys M. G.Purpose of review: The lockdown response to the COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted commercial gambling in many jurisdictions around the world. The goal of this review is to systematically identify and describe the survey data and findings to date examining the effect on individual gambling and gambling disorder. Recent findings: Of the 17 publications meeting inclusion criteria, the majority reported cross-sectional assessments (n = 11, 65%) and remainder were longitudinal in that they had earlier gambling data for participants (n = 6, 35%). Not surprisingly given the closure of land-based gambling, an overall reduction in gambling frequency and expenditure was reported in all studies. The estimate of the proportion of participants in both the general population and the population that gambles who increased overall gambling or online gambling was variable. The most consistent correlates of increased gambling during the lockdown were increased problem gambling severity, younger age groups, and being male. Summary: These results suggest that the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on gambling and problematic gambling are diverse – possibly causing a reduction in current or future problems in some, but also promoting increased problematic gambling in others. The longer-term implications of both the reduction in overall gambling, and the increase in some vulnerable groups are unclear, and requires assessment in subsequent follow-up studies. However, in the short term, individuals with existing gambling problems should be recognized as a vulnerable group.