Browsing Neuroscience by Title

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  • Chalmers, Eric; Luczak, Artur; Gruber, Aaron J. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2016)
    The mammalian brain is thought to use a version of Model-based Reinforcement Learning (MBRL) to guide “goal-directed” behavior, wherein animals consider goals and make plans to acquire desired outcomes. However, conventional ...
  • Gruber, Aaron J.; McDonald, Robert J. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2012)
    Motivated behavior exhibits properties that change with experience and partially dissociate among a number of brain structures. Here, we review evidence from rodent experiments demonstrating that multiple brain systems ...
  • Ponjavic-Conte, Karla D.; Hambrook, Dillon A.; Pavlovic, Sebastian; Tata, Matthew S. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2013)
  • Wilber, Aaron A.; Clark, Benjamin J.; Demecha, Alexis J.; Mesina, Lilia; Vos, Jessica M.; McNaughton, Bruce L. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of CaliforniaUniversity of New Mexico, 2014)
    A central feature of theories of spatial navigation involves the representation of spatial relationships between objects in complex environments. The parietal cortex has long been linked to the processing of spatial visual ...
  • Jafari, Zahra; Mehla, Jogender; Afrashteh, Navvab; Kolb, Bryan E.; Mohajerani, Majid H. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeIran University of Medical Science (IUMS), 2017)
    Maternal stress is a common adversity during pregnancy. Gestational corticosterone alternations are thought to contribute to the etiology of postpartum behavioral disturbances. However, the impact of stress during pregnancy, ...
  • Manitt, C.; Eng, C.; Pokinko, M.; Ryan, R. T.; Torres-Berrio, A.; Lopez, J. P.; Yogendran, S. V.; Daubaras, M. J. J.; Grant, A.; Schmidt, E. R. E.; Tronche, F.; Krimpenfort, P.; Cooper, H. M.; Pasterkamp, R. J.; Kolb, Bryan; Turecki, G.; Wong, T. P.; Nestler, E. J.; Giros, B.; Flores, C. (Macmillan PublishersArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceMcGill UniversityUniversity Medical Center UtrechtUniversite Pierre et Marie CurieThe Netherlands Cancer InstituteUniversity of QueenslandUniveristy of LethbridgeMount Sinai School of Medicine, 2013)
    Adolescence is a period of heightened susceptibility to psychiatric disorders of medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) dysfunction and cognitive impairment. mPFC dopamine (DA) projections reach maturity only in early adulthood, ...
  • Karl, Jenni M.; Whishaw, Ian Q. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2013)
    The Dual Visuomotor Channel Theory proposes that manual prehension consists of two temporally integrated movements, each subserved by distinct visuomotor pathways in occipitoparietofrontal cortex. The Reach is mediated ...
  • Corfield, Jeremy R.; Price, Kasandra; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Gutierrez-Ibanez, Cristian I.; Birkhead, Tim R.; Wylie, Douglas R. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of LethbridgeTechnische Universität MünchenUniversity of Sheffield, 2015)
    The relative size of olfactory bulbs (OBs) is correlated with olfactory capabilities across vertebrates and is widely used to assess the relative importance of olfaction to a species’ ecology. In birds, variations in the ...
  • Ponjavic-Conte, Karla D.; Hambrook, Dillon A.; Pavlovic, Sebastian; Tata, Matthew S. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2013)
    Auditory distraction is a failure to maintain focus on a stream of sounds. We investigated the neural correlates of distraction in a selective-listening pitch-discrimination task with high (competing speech) or low (white ...
  • Wang, Justin; Wu, Chiping; Peng, Jessie; Patel, Nisarg; Huang, Yayi; Gao, Xiaoxing; Aljarallah, Salman; Eubanks, James H.; McDonald, Robert J.; Zhang, Liang (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceToronto Western Research InstituteUniversity of TorontoUniversity of LethbridgeKing Saud University, 2015)
    Aging is associated with an increased risk of seizures/epilepsy. Stroke(ischemic or hemorrhagic) and cardiac arrest related brain injury are two major causative factors for seizure development in this patient population. ...
  • Metzler, Megan J.; Saucier, Deborah M.; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Ontario Institute of Technology, 2013)
    Aging is associated with deterioration of skilled manual movement. Specifically, aging corresponds with increased reaction time, greater movement duration, segmentation of movement, increased movement variability, and ...
  • Thome, Alexander; Marrone, Diano F.; Ellmore, Timothy M.; Chawla, Monica K.; Lipa, Peter; Ramirez-Amaya, Victor; Lisanby, Sarah H.; McNaughton, Bruce L.; Barnes, Carol A. (Society for NeuroscienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceEvelyn F. McKnight Brain InstituteUniversity of ArizonaWilfrid Laurier UniversityCity College of New YorkUniversidad Autónoma de QueretaroInstituto deI nvestigación Médica Mercedes y Martín FerreyraDuke UniversityUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of California, 2017)
    Decades of research identify the hippocampal formation as central to memory storage and recall. Events are stored via distributed population codes, the parameters of which (e.g., sparsity and overlap) determine both storage ...
  • Faraji, Jamshid; Soltanpour, Nabiollah; Ambeskovic, Mirela; Zucchi, Fabiola C. R.; Beaumier, Pierre; Kovalchuk, Igor; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Frontiers MediaArts and ScienceDepartment of Biological SciencesDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeGolestan University of Medical Sciences (GUMS)Babol University of Medical SciencesUniversity of BrasiliaCanAlt Health Laboratories, 2017)
    In a continuously stressful environment, the effects of recurrent prenatal stress (PS) may accumulate across generations and alter stress vulnerability and resilience. Here, we report in female rats that a family history ...
  • Sol, Daniel; Garcia, Nuria; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Davis, Katie; Meade, Andrew; Boyle, W. Alice; Szekely, Tamas (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceAutonomous University of BarcelonaCentre for Advanced Studies of Blanes-Spanish National Research Council-Spanish National Research CouncilUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of ReadingUniversity of GlasgowUniversity of Western OntarioUniversity of Bath, 2010)
    Despite important recent progress in our understanding of brain evolution, controversy remains regarding the evolutionary forces that have driven its enormous diversification in size. Here, we report that in passerine ...
  • Navratilova, Zaneta; Hoang, Lan T.; Schwindel, C. Daniela; Tatsuno, Masami; McNaughton, Bruce L. (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Arizona, 2012)
    When rodents engage in irregular foraging in an open-field environment, hippocampal principal cells exhibit place-specific firing that is statistically independent of the direction of traverse through the place field. ...
  • Gibb, Robbin L.; University of Lethbridge. Faculty of Arts and Science (Lethbridge, Alta. : University of Lethbridge, Faculty of Arts and Science, 2001Arts and ScienceDepartment of Neuroscience, 2001)
    The current work explores the therapeutic potential of experiential treatments for enhancing functional recovery and anatomical change after early brain damage. Normal rats and rats with perinatal cortical lesions (P2 or ...
  • Kolb, Bryan; Teskey, G. Campbell; Gibb, Robbin L. (Frontiers Research FoundationArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Calgary, 2010)
    An important development in behavioral neuroscience in the past 20 years has been the demonstration that it is possible to stimulate functional recovery after cerebral injury in laboratory animals. Rodent models of ...
  • Gutierrez-Ibanez, Cristian I.; Iwaniuk, Andrew N.; Lisney, Thomas J.; Faunes, Macarena; Marin, Gonzalo J.; Wylie, Douglas R. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of AlbertaUniversity of LethbridgeUniversidad de ChileUniversidad Finis Terrae, 2013)
    In birds, there is a retinofugal projection from the brain to the retina originating from the isthmo optic nucleus (ION) in the midbrain. Despite a large number of anatomical, physiological and histochemical studies, the ...
  • Babenko, Olena M.; Golubov, Andrey; Ilnytskyy, Yaroslav; Kovalchuk, Igor; Metz, Gerlinde A. S. (Public Library of ScienceArts and ScienceDepartment of Biological SciencesCanadian Centre for Behavioural NeuroscienceUniversity of LethbridgeUniversity of Calgary, 2012)
    Stress represents a critical influence on motor system function and has been shown to impair movement performance. We hypothesized that stress-induced motor impairments are due to brain-specific changes in miRNA and ...
  • Gonzalez, Claudia L. R.; Mills, Kelly J.; Genee, Inge; Li, Fangfang; Piquette-Tomei, Noëlla A.; Rosen, Nicole; Gibb, Robbin L. (FrontiersArts and ScienceEducationDepartment of KinesiologyDepartment of Modern LanguagesDepartment of PsychologyDepartment of NeuroscienceUniversity of Lethbridge, 2014)
    Executive Function (EF) refers to important socio-emotional and cognitive skills that are known to be highly correlated with both academic and life success. EF is a blanket term that is considered to include self-regulation, ...